Flashcards in Introduction to Meningitis Deck (21)
Best test for meningitis
What types of viruses are most often associated with meningitis?
What types of viruses are enteroviruses?
What are the 3 big bacteria in meningitis?
Neisseria meningitidis (young people)
Streptococcus pneumonia (adults)
N. meningitidis gram
S. pneumonia gram
most common in perinatal infections
Group B strep and pregnancy relation
moms screened in 3rd trimester, may have vertical transmission to infant
E. coli K1 strain gram
LPS is found in what class of organisms
What type of stain do you use to find micobacterium
What organisms might be associated with disseminated lung infections?
Tb, Cryptococcus neoformans
Characteristics of nonseptic meningitis syndrome
fever, headache, photophobia
What does LP of nonseptic meningitis look like?
elevated lymphocytes and monocytes, slight increase in protein
In what population is N. meningitidis most common?
In what population is S. pneumonia most common?
from N. meningitidis
mimics sphingolipids--recognized as self
activates NO, hypotension and shock
IL-1 release, fever
can activate disseminated intravascular coagulation ==> prurutic rash
What organism spreads through dorms?
N. meningitidis definitive Tx