Lecture 22 - Ch 33 - Person-to-person microbial diseases Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lecture 22 - Ch 33 - Person-to-person microbial diseases Deck (25)
1

this disease was a common complication of childbirth

Puerperal fever

2

Resulted in more deaths from wound infection

streptococcal gangrene

3

Commonly found in low numbers in the upper respiratory tract of healthy individuals

Streptococcus pyrogenes (Group A Strep - GAS)

4

Characterized by a bright red discoloration of the tongue and diffuse red skin rash

scarlet fever

5

GAS skin infection results in an immune-induced inflammation of the kidney

Glomerulonephritis

6

Involves generation of antibodies to GAS proteins that cross-react with normal host proteins

rheumatic fever

7

A severe respiratory disease that typically infects children

diphtheria

8

Characterized by a recurrent, violent cough

Pertussis (whooping cough)

9

Caused by Bordetella pertussis

Whooping Cough

10

this bacteria has a waxy mycolic acid cell wall

tuberculosis

11

this disease is in the peripheral nerves resulting in skin lesion

leprosy

12

inflammation of the membranes that line the CNS

Meningitis

13

this is a gram-negative, encapsulated bacteria

Neisseria meningitidis

14

two bacteria caused by a paramyxovirus

measles and mumps

15

Characterized by inflammation of the salivary glands

mumps

16

Caused by a positive-strand RNA virus of the togavirus group

Rubella

17

Commonly caused by rhinoviruses

colds

18

caused by an RNA virus of the orthomyxovirus group

influenza

19

Major change in influenza virus antigen due to gene reassortment

antigenic shift

20

Minor change in influenza virus antigens due to gene mutation

antigenic drift

21

nonsporulating, gram-positive cocci that divides into several planes to form irregular clumps

staphylococcus

22

Many of these diseases result from pyogenic infection

staphylococcus or streptococcus pyogenes

23

Liver inflammation caused by viruses or bacteria

hepatitis

24

results in acute illness followed by destruction of liver anatomy and cells

hepatitis

25

which hepatitis is the most aggressive?

Hepatitis B