Lecture 25 - Ch 15 - Biotechnology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lecture 25 - Ch 15 - Biotechnology Deck (26)
1

Produced during exponential growth

primary metabolite

2

Produced during stationary phase

secondary metabolite

3

alcohol is an example of a _____ metabolite

primary

4

antibiotics are ________ metabolites

secondary

5

the manufacture of alcoholic beverages from malted grains

brewing

6

alcoholic beverages made by heating previously fermented liquid to a temperature that volatilizes most of the alcohol

distilled

7

Use of living organisms for industrial or commercial applications

biotechnology

8

vaccine made of live organisms that have been made less-pathogenic

attenuated live vaccine

9

vaccine made of killed, fully-pathogenic organisms

inactivated killed vaccine

10

vaccine made of inactivated, isolated toxins

toxoid vaccine

11

Vaccine made by inserting genes from a pathogenic virus into a relatively harmless carrier virus

vector vaccine

12

vaccines that Contain only a specific protein or proteins from a pathogenic organism

subunit vaccines

13

Vaccine that uses the DNA of a pathogen to elicit an immune response

DNA vaccine

14

introduces a functional copy of a gene to treat a disease caused by a dysfunctional version of the gene

gene therapy

15

what hinders the production of penicillin?

glucose and nitrogen

16

these are produced from fungi and bacteria and can be used to make laundry detergent

enzymes

17

these produce high fructose syrup

amylases and glucoamylases

18

these are used as food additives, nutritional supplements, and starting materials

amino acids

19

what is added to wine to inhibit bacteria and oxidation?

sulfites

20

this yeast strain produces ales

top fermenting

21

this yeast strain produces lagers

bottom fermenting

22

butanol is produced by synthesis of petroleum from what?

green algae

23

An organism whose genome has been altered

Genetically modified organism (GMO)

24

Fusion of a target protein with a carrier protein facilitates _______________

protein purification

25

_______ was the first human protein made commercially by genetic engineering

Insulin

26

growth hormone that stimulates milk production in cows

Somatotropin