Lecture 8 - Drugs in food animals Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lecture 8 - Drugs in food animals Deck (29):
1

What is prophylaxis?

Disease prevention generally

2

What is metaphylaxis?

Disease prevention in a herd

3

Why is it important to know what we are giving to our food animals?

Drugs + metabolites are in turn being distributed to our clients within the meats. Also introduced into our environment

4

What broad-spectrum AB can never be given to food animals?

Chloramphenicol

5

Where can Chloraphenicol travel in the body?

Placenta + BBB

6

Why cant Chloramphenicol be given to food animals?

Causes aplastic anemia in humans

7

What AB cannot be given to lactating cattle?

Baytril

8

Why can't Baytril be given to lactating cattle?

Kills the bacteria that is responsible for cheese, yogurt, etc

9

What are the risks associated with giving drugs to food animals?

Health + Economic

10

What is GRAS?

Generally regarded as safe
List of drugs that can be given to animals without regulation

11

What does the NPR do? What does it stand for?

National residue program
Testing and enforcement of laws enacted by the government inregards to food animals

12

What is a food animal?

Any animal where tissue or any product has the POTENTIAL to enter the food chain

13

What are the major food animals?

Cattle + Swine + Chicken + Turkeys

14

What are the minor food animals?

Sheeps/goats
Farmed fish
Rabbits
other

15

Why is it important to know what the minor vs major food species are?

Some medications are allowed in one but not the other

16

What is a food animal residue?

Drug OR metabolite that can be defined in a target tissue, inorder to determine whether it is above the tolerance level

17

What does the tolerance level of a drug or metabolite tell you?

Whether the animal is safe for consumption or not

18

What are target tissues?

Edible tissues, and is a good representation of the conditions of other edible meats not tested

19

What are the two most common tissues tested?

Liver + Kidney

20

Why are the kidney and liver the most common target tissues?

This is where metabolism and elimination occur, it will most likely be at its highest concentration here

21

What is tolerance?

Concentration of drug OR metabolite that is measured in the target tissue, below the determined level considered safe for human consumption

22

What are the two exceptions to tolerance level tests?

Eggs + Milk

23

What are the components to the evaluation part of determining "safe for consumption"?

Carcinogenic potential
Toxicities
Potential for AB resistance

24

What must be determined during the studies for "safe for consumption"?

Acceptable Daily intake of drug/metabolite in human diet

25

What is assumed when determine the acceptable daily intake of the drug/metabolite?

High levels on consumption

26

What is the withdrawl time for drugs in food animals?

Time need for drug to be below tolerance level in 99% of the population with 95% confidence

27

What components of a drug in food animals does the CVM regulate?

Species
Dose
Route of entry
Interval of Administration

28

What are the two major drug classes of concerns in food animals?

AB's + -cides

29

What are three basic reasons for drug use in food animals?

Prophylactic/metaphylactic prevention
Treat illness
Increase production