Lecture 9- Bone Flashcards Preview

Histology > Lecture 9- Bone > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lecture 9- Bone Deck (45)
Loading flashcards...
31

What type of bone will initially be formed at the growth plate?

Woven bone. Later remodeled into lamellar bone.

32

When is full stature obtained?

When the epiphyses have fused (fully ossified, no more cartilage there)

33

Which type of bone would you see in a new fracture and healed fracture?

1. Woven Bone
2. Lamellar Bone
*Fractures heal quickly, woven bone is layed and remodeled

34

What general things affect bone formation/turnover?

1. Major Systemic Regulators
2. Stress on the bone

35

What are the major systemic regulators of bone formation/turnover? (7)

1. Parathyroid Hormone (PTH)
2. Calcitrol (vit. D)
3. Calcitonin
4. Growth hormone/ IGF - 1
5. Glucocorticoids
6. Thyroid Hormones
7. Estrogen/androgens
*First 3 are most important*
**Remember PCC**

36

What is the main function of Vitamin D?

Increase Ca absorption from the gut

37

Main function of PTH?

Released when serum Ca low
*Stimulates osteoclast activity to raise serum Ca

38

What would a happen with deficiency of PTH?

Remodeling process would not be stimulated

39

What does excess growth hormone in an adult result in and why?

Acromegaly
Periosteal growth happens b/c you do not have endochondral ossification as an adult

40

What does excess growth hormone in a child result in and why?

Gigantism
Endochondral ossification at the epiphyseal plate

41

What does insufficent growth hormone in a child result in?

Dwarfism

42

What are the components of the joint capsule?

1. Fibrous Layer
2. Synovial Membrane

43

What is the orientation of collagen fibers in Articular Cartilage?

Curved fibers. Perpendicular to surface near the bone and parallel to surface neaer the surface.

44

What is the advantage of curved fibers in articular cartilage?

Pressure is more evenly distributed, helps protect the chondrocytes from deformation.

45

Where do chondrocytes in articular cartilage get their nutrients?

Synovial fluid.
*When you stand and squish cartilage, the water is pushed out into synovial fluid, and when you sit back down, water goes back in and brings O2 and nutrients with it.