Microbiology Flashcards Preview

NPLEX I > Microbiology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Microbiology Deck (187)
Loading flashcards...
61

What are the 2 types of leprosy?

Lepromatous leprosy and Tuberculoid leprosy

62

Which type of leprosy is less infectious and has less bacteria present during infection?

Tuberculoid leprosy

63

Which type of leprosy is more infectious and has more bacteria present in the body during infection?

Lepromatous leprosy

64

What organism is cultured in armadillos?

Mycobacterium leprae

65

The chancre, a bulls eye lesion, is associated with what disease?

Treponema pallidum (syphillis)

66

When is syphillis infectious?

primary and secondary infections

67

What kind of organism causes lyme disease and syphillis?

spirochete bacteriae

68

The mucocutaneous lesion of syphilis is found in which phase?

secondary phase

69

The gummas of syphilis appear in what stage of syphilis?

tertiary

70

What is Hutchinsons triad and what is it caused by?

Congential syphilis, causes impaired vision, notched teeth and impaired hearing

71

Yaws is caused by what?

Treponema pertenue

72

What are some of the lab tests for syphilis?

VDRL, FTA-Abs, RPR

73

What does treponema vincentii cause?

Trench mouth

74

In what stage is syphilis most infectious?

secondary stage

75

What organism causes Glue ear?

Hemophilus influenze

76

What organism has a blue-green pigment and is associated with skin and especially burn infections?

Pseudomonas aeriginosa

77

Condylomata late are associated with what disease?

secondary , mucocutaneous lesion of syphilis

78

What is the vector for lyme disease?

deer tick

79

What disease has a spreading circular lesion called Erythema migrans?

Lyme disease

80

Lyme disease closely parallels what other disease in it's primary, secondary and tertiary symptoms?

syphilis

81

What organism causes infectious jaundice?

Leptospira interrogans

82

What causes rat bite fever?

Spirillum

83

What organism contracted from raw milk causes body diarrhea and can mimic appendicitis?

Campylobacter fetus jejuni

84

What organism is implicated in causing peptic ulcers?

Helicobacter pylori/jejuni

85

What causes walking pneumonia?

Mycobacterium pneumonia

86

What is so special about mycoplasma species?

no cell wall and therefore are resistant to penicillin

87

What sexually transmitted organism requires cholesterol and urea?

ureaplasma

88

Ureaplasma causes what kind of infection?

non-gonococcal urethritis

89

What species or organisms are transmitted by arthropods?

Rickettsiae

90

What causes epidemic typhus?

Rickettsiae prowazeki