Musculoskeletal Disorders Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Musculoskeletal Disorders Deck (69)
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31

Amount of local damage to bone and soft tissue, amount of realignment and approximation, secondary problem, and numbers systemic factors.

Factors Affecting Healing Process

32

Due to local pain and irritation.

Muscle spasm

33

Such as tetanus, osteomyelitis. Precautions include antibiotics.

Infections

34

Occurs as edema increases in 1st 48 hours after trauma and casting.

Ischemia

35

Grating sound heard, if the ends of bone fragments move over each other.

Crepitus

36

Increased pressure of fluid within fascia, the nonelastic covering of muscles. Usually lower leg.

Compartment Syndrome

37

Can occur with severe trauma or tearing of periosteum.

Nerve damage

38

Requires surgery, plates & pins.

Open Reduction Internal Fixation (ORIF)

39

Cast, splints, and traction.

Immobilizations

40

Application of forces or weight pulling on limb that is opposed by body weight.

Traction

41

Separation of two bones at a joint with loss of contact between the articulating bone surfaces.

Dislocation

42

If bone is only partially displaced.

Subluxation

43

Tear in ligament.

Sprain

44

Tear in a tendon/muscle.

Strain

45

Ligaments or tendons completely separated from their bony attachment.

Avulsion

46

Common metabolic bone disorder. Decreased bone mass and density. More common in women.

Osteoporosis

47

Postmenopausal, senile, and idopathic.

Primary Osteoporosis

48

Following specific primary disorder (Cushing's syndrome).

Secondary Osteoporosis

49

Result from deficit of vitamin D and phosphates.

Rickets & Osteomalacia

50

Bow legs, in children.

Rickets

51

Soft bones and compression fractures, in adults.

Osteomalacia

52

Progressive bone disease that occurs in adults older than 40 years.

Paget's Diease

53

Majority of primary bone tumors are _____.

Malignant

54

Malignant neoplasm that usually develops in the metaphasis of the femur, tibia, or fibula in children/young adults.

Osteosarcoma

55

Malignant neoplasm common in adolescents that occurs in the diaphysis of long bones.

Ewing's Sarcoma

56

Group of inherited disorders characterized by degeneration of skeletal muscle.

Muscular Dystrophy

57

Most common type of muscular dystrophy is?

Duchenne's Muscular Dystrophy

58

Group of disorders characterized by pain and stiffness affecting muscles, tendons, and surrounding soft tissue. Higher in women 20-50 years old.

Fibromyaligia

59

Wear and tear arthritis.

Osetoarthritis

60

Bone spurs.

Osteophytes