Flashcards in Musculoskeletal Disorders Deck (69)
Amount of local damage to bone and soft tissue, amount of realignment and approximation, secondary problem, and numbers systemic factors.
Factors Affecting Healing Process
Due to local pain and irritation.
Such as tetanus, osteomyelitis. Precautions include antibiotics.
Occurs as edema increases in 1st 48 hours after trauma and casting.
Grating sound heard, if the ends of bone fragments move over each other.
Increased pressure of fluid within fascia, the nonelastic covering of muscles. Usually lower leg.
Can occur with severe trauma or tearing of periosteum.
Requires surgery, plates & pins.
Open Reduction Internal Fixation (ORIF)
Cast, splints, and traction.
Application of forces or weight pulling on limb that is opposed by body weight.
Separation of two bones at a joint with loss of contact between the articulating bone surfaces.
If bone is only partially displaced.
Tear in ligament.
Tear in a tendon/muscle.
Ligaments or tendons completely separated from their bony attachment.
Common metabolic bone disorder. Decreased bone mass and density. More common in women.
Postmenopausal, senile, and idopathic.
Following specific primary disorder (Cushing's syndrome).
Result from deficit of vitamin D and phosphates.
Rickets & Osteomalacia
Bow legs, in children.
Soft bones and compression fractures, in adults.
Progressive bone disease that occurs in adults older than 40 years.
Majority of primary bone tumors are _____.
Malignant neoplasm that usually develops in the metaphasis of the femur, tibia, or fibula in children/young adults.
Malignant neoplasm common in adolescents that occurs in the diaphysis of long bones.
Group of inherited disorders characterized by degeneration of skeletal muscle.
Most common type of muscular dystrophy is?
Duchenne's Muscular Dystrophy
Group of disorders characterized by pain and stiffness affecting muscles, tendons, and surrounding soft tissue. Higher in women 20-50 years old.
Wear and tear arthritis.