NAVMED P 5010 CH 8 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in NAVMED P 5010 CH 8 Deck (56):
1

WHAT DOES (DVECC) STAND FOR?

Disease Vector Ecology and Control Centers

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Refers to organisms, primarily arthropods and rodents

DEFINITION OF A VECTOR

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Provides specialized support in the area of stored products pest management

Entomologist

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Who must attend pest control training?

THE SEL MDR & PMT Corpsman

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How often is shipboard pest control training conducted?

Once a year.

6

Is any substance or mixture of substances intended for preventing, destroying, repelling, or mitigating any pest

Definition of Pesticides

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Acaricides, avicides, fungicides, herbicides, insecticides, molluscicides, nematocides, rodenticides

Are Shipboard Pesticides

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A substance used to control mites, scorpions, spiders, ticks and related organisms

Acaricides

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A substance used to control fungi

Fungicides

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A substance used to control un-desired vegetation

Herbicides

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A substance used to control insects, sometimes used in a broader sense to include the control of arthropods other than insects.

Insecticide

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Used to control the adult stage of an insect

Adulticide

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Used to control the larval stage of an insect.

Larvicide

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Used against the egg stage of an insect.

Ovicide

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Used to control snails and other mollusks

Molluscicide

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Used to control rodents.

Rodenticide

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Are compounds of mineral origin and mainly include arsenic, copper, mercury, sulfur or zinc

Inorganic pesticides

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Are a group of synthetic organic compounds with one or more chlorine atoms. Chlordane, dieldrin, and DDT are examples

Chlorinated hydrocarbons

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Synthetic compounds containing phosphorous

Organophosphates

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Are synthetic compounds of salts or esters of carbamic acid. Carbaryl and propoxur are examples

Carbamates

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Are pesticides of plant origin. Pyrethrums and rotenone are examples.

Botanical

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They are effective for penetrating cracks and crevices. They may be used around electrical equipment or power

Oil Solutions

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Consists of droplets of an emulsifiable pesticide dispersed in a diluent in such a way as to prevent separation of the two components

Emulsions

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Suspension of liquid or solid particles in air

Aerosols

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Used only in airtight spaces which prevent dissipation

Gases and Vapors

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What is a Simulium spp.?

Black Fly

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What is Phlebotomus spp.?

Sand Fly

28

What is Glossina spp.?

Tsetse Fly

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What is a (Sarcophagi and Wohlfahrtia)?

Flesh Fly

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What is a Musca domestics?

A House fly

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What is Moderately Toxic? (How much does it take to administer death)

50-500 mg/kg

32

What is a Periplaneta americana?

American cockroach

33

What is a Supella longipalpa?

Brown-banded cockroach

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What is a Blatella germanica?

German Cockroach

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Are responsible for the transmission of louse-borne typhus, trench fever and louse-borne relapsing fever

Human Lice

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Generally most frequently associated with disease transmission, mosquitoes are

Aedes, Anopheles and Culex

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First in importance among the insects that transmit disease to man

Mosquitoes

38

What is a Hippelates?

Eye gnat

39

What is a Tabanus, Chrysops, etc.?

Horse and Deer Fly

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What is a Periplaneta australasiae?

Australian cockroach

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They are known to transmit diseases to man and animals.

Ticks

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What is Rhipicephalus sanguineus?

The brown dog tick

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What is Xenopsylla cheopis?

The oriental rat flea

44

What vector transmits the Plague?

The oriental rat flea

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What is Tunga Penetrans?

Burrowing flea

46

What flea needs an animal hosts to breed?

Sand Flea

47

What is a Rattus norvegicus?

The Norway, brown or gray rat,

48

What is Rattus rattus alexandrines?

The Roof rat

49

How does the Navy prevent rodents from boarding ships?

Rat Guards

50

What is the minimum diameter of a rat guard?

36 in diameter

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Where should the rat guard be mounted?

At least 6 feet from the closet point on shore or ship.

52

What certifies a Navy vessel that there is no rats, on-board?

Deratization Certification

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Neurotoxic come from what?

black widow spiders

54

Cytolytic come from what?

brown recluse spider

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Hemolytic come from what?

horse flies

56

Are venomous arachnids that rarely sting man, and then, only when provoked?

Scorpions

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