CCDM: TOPIC SMALLPOX Flashcards Preview

ADVANCEMENT BIB > CCDM: TOPIC SMALLPOX > Flashcards

Flashcards in CCDM: TOPIC SMALLPOX Deck (10):
1

The last naturally acquired case of smallpox in the world occurred in what year and country?

Oct 1977 in Somalia

2

When was global eradication certified and by what group?

1979 by WHO and sanctioned by World Health Assembly (WHA) in May 1980.

3

Where are all known variola virus stocks held under security?

CDC, Atlanta GA, USA and the Russian Federation Novosibirsk Region.

4

Smallpox signs and symptoms are?

high fever (40°C/104°F), malaise, headache, prostration, severe backache and occasional abdominal pain and vomiting

5

What are two types of smallpox?

variola minor (alastrim) and variola major

6

What is variola minor case fatality rate?

less than 1%

7

What is variola major case fatality rate?

Among unvaccinated populations of 20-50% or more with death occurring on fifth and seventh day.

8

Infectious agent of Smallpox

Variola virus, a species of Orthopoxvirus

9

Mode of transmission for Smallpox

Respiratory tract (droplet spread) or skin inoculation

10

Incubation period

7-19 Days total; 10-14 for onset of illness and 2-4 day more to onset of rash.

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