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Flashcards in Ochem day 6 Deck (27):
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Amines

electron donating groups increase basisty/nucleophilicity

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1

electron withdrawing groups decreases basicity...

amines

2

amide formation

2 eq RNH2

3

Amide formation w nitrous acid

HCL, NaNO2 Odegrees

4

Alkylatioin

SN2 CH3Br.... adds Ch3's too the NH3 group

5

Hofmann elimination

XS CH3I, Ag2O and H2O.... adds CH3 to N that has ethyl on each side

6

monosaccharides

glucose, fructose, galactose

7

oligosaccharides

sucrose (glucose and fructose) and lactose (glucose and galactose) are disacharides

8

polysaccharides

starch, glycogen, cellulose, chitin

9

Dvs L sugars

D- OH on Right.... L OH on Left.....

10

aldose vs ketose

aldose double bond on end.... ketose double bond in middle..

11

pentose vs hexose

5 vs 6 member ring

12

furanose vs pyranose

furanose, is 5 with O... Pyranose is 6 with O

13

acetal vs hemi acetals

Acety.. has OR and OR group... Hemi has OR and OH group

14

anomeric carbon

a sterocenter can point up or down...alpha down... beta up

15

epimers

differ in only one sterogenic center... everything else is the same... very similar

16

reduing sugars....

CuSO4, base... adding an OH to the top...

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amino acid sequence

primary structure

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held together by H bonds in the backbone... alpha and beta

secondary structure

19

organization of secondary structure... in globular proteins, hydrophobic residues are sequestered in the interior of the protein while hydrophobic residues are on the outer surface.... disulfide bonds btw cysteine residues

tertiary structure

20

quarternary structure

interattions of multiple subunits (seperate peptide chains) as in hemoglobin

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Cholestrol

membrane fluididty, steroid precurser

22

Terpenes

isoprene, menthol, viatmin A,

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Purines

adenine and guanosine

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pytimidies

cytidine, thymidine, and uracil

25

ATP

3 phosphates, base, and adenine. + water

26

ADP

2 phosphates, base and adenine,