PART 6. PSYCHOSOCIAL DEVELOPMENT DURING THE FIRST YEARS Flashcards Preview

Developmental Psychology > PART 6. PSYCHOSOCIAL DEVELOPMENT DURING THE FIRST YEARS > Flashcards

Flashcards in PART 6. PSYCHOSOCIAL DEVELOPMENT DURING THE FIRST YEARS Deck (77)
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1

A relatively consistent mix of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors which makes one unique.

Personality

2

BASIC ELEMENTS OF PERSONALITY

Emotions
Temperament
Early Social Relationships

3

process wherein social relationships play a role in personality development

psychosocial development

4

subjective reactions to experience that are associated with physiological and behavioral changes

Emotions

5

in infants, these are due to subcortical nervous system activity

smiling and laughing

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realization that one is separate and different from the world

self-awareness

7

4 PATTERNS OF CRY (infants)

hunger cry
angry cry
pain cry
frustration cry

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most powerful way of babies to communicate their needs

crying

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feelings that depends on self-awareness and knowledge of socially accepted standards of behavior

self-evaluative emotions

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feelings which depends on self-awareness (ex: empathy)

self-conscious emotions

11

smile-linked vocalization

lauhing

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It is smiling that is described by infants gazing at their parents and smiling at them.

Social smiling

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infants smile at an object then gazes at an adult while still smiling

Anticipatory smiling

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it is a mild form of shame that is developed during 2 1/2 to 3 years

evaluative embarrasment

15

activity intended to help another person with no expectation of reward

altruistic behavior

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neurons that fire when one does or observes something another person is doing

mirror neurons

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ability to put oneself in another person's place and feel what they feel

empathy

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ability to understand that others have mental states and to be able to gauge their feelings and actions

social cognition

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style of approaching and reacting to situations

temperament

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3 Main Types of Temperament (in kids)

easy children
difficult children
slow-to-warm-up children

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a child that is irritable and harder to please (10%)

difficult children

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a child that is generally happy, rhythmic in biological functioning, and accepting of new experiences (40%)

easy children

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a kid that is mild but slow to adapt to new situations (15%)

slow-to-warm-up children

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appropriateness of environmental demands and constraints to a child's temperament; key to healthy adjustments

goodness of fit

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has to do with a child's boldness or cautiousness in approaching unfamiliar objects or events

behavioral inhibition

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born with unusually excitable amygdala and is high in behavioral inhibition

inhibited

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relaxed when presented with a new stimulus and is low in behavioral inhibition

uninhibited

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theory which proposes that infants and parents are biologically predisposed to become attached to each other

Ethological Theory

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significance of being male or female

gender

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the gender that is less reactive to stress

girls