PART 5. COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT DURING FIRST 3 YEARS Flashcards Preview

Developmental Psychology > PART 5. COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT DURING FIRST 3 YEARS > Flashcards

Flashcards in PART 5. COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT DURING FIRST 3 YEARS Deck (109)
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6 Approaches to Studying Cognitive Development

Behaviorist Approach
Psychometric Approach
Piagetian Approach
Information-Processing Approach
Cognitive Neuroscience Approach
Social-Contextual Approach

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how behavior changes in response to experience; basic mechanics of learning

Behaviorist Approach

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measures quantitative difference in abilities that make up intelligence

Psychometric Approach

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looks at stages in the quality of cognitive functioning

Piagetian Approach

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This approach studies how kids process information from the time they encounter it until they use it

Information-Processing Approach

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identify what brain structures are involved in specific aspects of cognition

Cognitive Neuroscience Approach

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effects of environmental aspects to the learning process, particularly the role of parents and caregivers

Social-Contextual Approach

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association of a stimulus [neutral] with another stimulus [unconditioned] to produce a response [conditioned]

classical conditioning

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association of behavior and event

operant conditioning

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a case in which we are not able to remember memories from when we are infants

infantile amnesia

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actions goal-oriented and adaptive to circumstance and conditions of life

intelligent behavior

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measures intelligence by comparing examinees' performance with standardized norms

Intelligence Quotient (IQ) Test

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standardized test of infant's mental and motor development

Bayley Scale of Infant and Toddler Development

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measures influence of home environment on children's cognitive growth

Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment

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organized patterns of thought and behavior used in particular situations

schemes

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infants learn to reproduce desired occurrences originally discovered by chance

circular reactions

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Substages of Piagetian Approach

Use of reflexes (birth-1 month)
Primary circular reactions (1-4 months)
Secondary circular reactions (4-8 months)
Coordination of secondary schemes (8-12months)
Tertiary circular reactions (12-18 months)
Mental combinations (18-24 months)

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systematic process of providing services to help families meet young children's developmental needs

early intervention

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Substage of Piagetian Approach wherein babies exercise inborn reflexes

Use of reflexes (birth-1 month)

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Substage of Piagetian Approach wherein babies repeat pleasurable behaviors that first occur by chance and begin to coordinate sensory information

Primary circular reactions (1-4 months)

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Substage of Piagetian Approach wherein actions are intentional but not initially goal-oriented

Secondary circular reactions (4-8 months)

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Substage of Piagetian Approach wherein behaviors are purposeful, goal-oriented, and babies now anticipate events

Coordination of secondary schemes (8-12months)

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Substage of Piagetian Approach wherein infants show curiosity and use trial and error to solve problems

Tertiary circular reactions (12-18 months)

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Substage of Piagetian Approach babies wherein representational ability emerges thus, symbolic thought allows anticipation

Mental combinations (18-24 months)

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capacity to store mental images of an object or event

representational ability

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Key Development in Sensorimotor Stage

Imitation
Object Permanence
Symbolic Development
Categorization
Causality
Number

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important part of learning

Imitation

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realization that object continue to exist even when out of sight

Object Permanence

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understanding that images represent something else

Symbolic Development

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recognition of classification; nested relationships

Categorization