PART 13. PHYSICAL AND COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT IN EMERGING AND YOUNG ADULTHOOD Flashcards Preview

Developmental Psychology > PART 13. PHYSICAL AND COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT IN EMERGING AND YOUNG ADULTHOOD > Flashcards

Flashcards in PART 13. PHYSICAL AND COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT IN EMERGING AND YOUNG ADULTHOOD Deck (37)
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1

True or False. Sexual maturity and cognitive maturity emerge simultaneously.

False. Sexual maturity arrives in adolescence. But cognitive maturity takes longer.

2

This is the proposed transitional period between adolescence and adulthood commonly found in industrialized countries.

Emerging Adulthood

3

_______ are the most common cause of death.

Accidents

4

At this phase, people generally have good health. But, they usually engage in activities that are risky to the healthy. This is largely due to modern lifestyles.

Emerging and Young Adulthood

5

What style of diet does World Health Organization recommend?

Mideterranean style

6

True or False. Psychological health affects our physical health.

True

7

It is a form of coping wherein we attempt to manage emotions associated with events  by refusing to think about it or thinking about it in a positive light. (College-aged women)

Emotion-focused

8

________ coping is the act of addressing an issue head-on and developing action-oriented ways of managing and changing a bad situation.

Problem-focused

9

In college students, family life stress and academic stress results to high levels of ________.

insomnia

10

It is the act of consuming more than 14 drinks a week or 4 drinks on a single day for men, and 7 drinks a week or 3 drinks on any single day for women.

Risky drinking

11

This is an active engagement in a broad range of social relationships, activities, and roles.

Social integration

12

It pertains to the material, informational, and psychological resources derived from the social network, on which a person can rely for help in coping with stress.

Social support

13

This is a chronic disease involving dependence on use of alcohol, causing interference.

Alcoholism

14

True or False. Like adolescence, this stage in life is a sensitive period for onset depressive disorders.

True

15

True or False. Sub-Sahara Africa is no longer the most affected by HIV, as this disease is found largely across the world already.

False. Sub-Sahara Africa is still the most affected by HIV.

16

It is the disorder producing physical discomfort and emotional tension for up to 2 weeks before a menstrual period.

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS)

17

True or False. PMS and dysmenorrhea or painful menstruation or cramps (younger women) are the same thing.

False. Dysmenorrhea or painful menstruation or cramps (younger women) is different from PMS (30s or older).

18

It is the inability to conceive a baby after 12 months of sexual intercourse without the use of birth control.

Infertility

19

________, according to John Dewey , is active, persistent, and careful consideration of information or beliefs in the light of evidence that supports them and the conclusion to which they lead

Reflective thinking

20

This is the mature type of thinking that relies on subjective experience and intuition as well as logic and allows room for ambiguity, uncertainty, inconsistency, contradiction, imperfection, and compromise.

Postformal thought

21

Schaie's life-span model of cognitive development shifts from:

- What I need to know
- How to use what I know
- Why I should know

22

Stages of Schaie's life-span model of cognitive development :

1. Acquisitive stage  (childhood and adolescence)
2. Achieving stage (late teens or 20s to early 30s)
3. Responsible stage (late 30s to early 60s)
4. Executive stage (30s or 40s through middle age)
5. Reorganizational stage (end of middle age, beginning of late adulthood)
6. Reintegrative stage (late adulthood)
7. Legacy-creating stage (advanced old age)

23

A stage in Schaie's life-span model of cognitive development (childhood and adolescence) wherein they acquire information and skills for themselves.

Acquisitive stage  (childhood and adolescence)

24

A stage in Schaie's life-span model of cognitive development (late teens or 20s to early 30s) they use what they know to pursue goals like career and family.

Achieving stage (late teens or 20s to early 30s)

25

A stage in Schaie's life-span model of cognitive development (late 30s to early 60s) they use their minds to solve practical problems associated with responsibilities to others.

Responsible stage (late 30s to early 60s)

26

A stage in Schaie's life-span model of cognitive development (30s or 40s through middle age) they are responsible for societal systems or social movements like governmental and business organizations.

Executive stage (30s or 40s through middle age)

27

A stage in Schaie's life-span model of cognitive development (end of middle age, beginning of late adulthood) they enter retirement and reorganize their lives and intellectual energies around meaningful pursuits.

Reorganizational stage (end of middle age, beginning of late adulthood)

28

A stage in Schaie's life-span model of cognitive development (late adulthood) they may experience biological and cognitive changes and tend to be more selective about what tasks they expend effort on. Focus on purpose and concentrate more on tasks with the most meaning for them.

Reintegrative stage (late adulthood)

29

A stage in Schaie's life-span model of cognitive development (advanced old age) when they near the end of life, they create instructions for the disposition of prized possessions, make funeral arrangements, provide oral histories, or write their life worries as a legacy for their loved ones.

Legacy-creating stage (advanced old age)

30

Sternberg's triarchic intelligence theory lead to the idea of ________ or the information that is not formally taught but is necessary to get ahead. Also known as "know-hows".

tacit knowledge