PART 4. BIRTH & PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT DURING THE FIRST 3 YEARS Flashcards Preview

Developmental Psychology > PART 4. BIRTH & PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT DURING THE FIRST 3 YEARS > Flashcards

Flashcards in PART 4. BIRTH & PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT DURING THE FIRST 3 YEARS Deck (74)
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1

The apt term for the process of giving birth.

Labor

2

Process of giving birth usually happens 2 weeks before delivery.

parturition

3

These are false uterus contractions.

Braxton-Hicks contractions

4

Stages of Childbirth

Stage 1: Dilation of Cervix
Stage 2: Descent and Emergence of Baby
Stage 3: Expulsion of the Placenta

5

Is said to be the longest stage, lasting 12 to 14 hours (for first child). It is a stage characterized by uterine contractions that are 15 to 20 minutes apart at first, then 2 to 5 minutes toward s the end of the stage. It ends when the cervix is opened about 10 cm or 4 inches.

Stage 1: Dilation of Cervix

6

This stage lasts for 1 to 2 hours; baby's head emerges through the cervix into the vaginal canal. Ends when the baby is completely out from the mother's body.

Stage 2: Descent and Emergence of Baby

7

Lasts 10 minutes to 1 hour wherein the placenta and remainder of the umbilical cord are expelled from the mother.

Stage 3: Expulsion of the Placenta

8

True or False. Vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) is always recommended.

False. When performing VBAC, proceed with caution.

9

It is the mechanical monitoring of a fetal heartbeat during labor and delivery.

Electronic fetal monitoring

10

2 childbirth methods

vaginal delivery
cesarean delivery

11

It is the usual childbirth method.

vaginal delivery

12

It is a childbirth method wherein the baby is delivered from the uterus surgically.

cesarean delivery

13

This seeks to prevent pain by eliminating the mother's fear through education about the physiology of reproduction as well as breathing and relaxation training during delivery.

natural childbirth

14

This childbirth uses instruction, breathing exercises, and social support to induce controlled physical responses to uterine contractions and reduce fear and pain.

prepared childbirth

15

A method of labor wherein the expectant mother works actively with their bodies and controlled breathing.

Lamaze Method by Ferdinand Lamaze

16

Laboring method wherein woman gives birth in a quiet room under low lights to reduce stress, and newborn is gently massaged to ease crying.

LeBoyer Method

17

Who proposed the labor method wherein woman are submerged in a soothing pool of water?

Michael Odent

18

A local (vaginal) anesthesia given to a woman during the 2nd stage of delivery or when forceps are used.

pudendal block

19

This medication reduces the pain perception of a woman giving birth by depressing the CNS activity.

analgesic (painkiller)

20

This is injected into a space in the spinal cord to block nerve pathways that would carry sensation of pain to the brain.

regional (epidural/spinal) injections

21

An experienced mentor who furnishes emotional support and information for a woman during labor.

doula

22

This pertains to the first 4 weeks of life, a time of transition from intrauterine dependency to independent existence.

neonatal period

23

What is a 4-week old baby called?

neonate

24

This is a result from bones of skulls that do not meet and makes the soft spot of a baby.

fontanels

25

These are fuzzy prenatal hair.

lanugo

26

Aka cheesy varnish; an oily protection against infection found in newborn babies.

vernix caseosa

27

Believed in the Middle ages to have special healing powers. These are secretions that leaks from swollen breasts of newborns.

Witch's milk

28

It is a condition marked by reduced oxygen supply.

hypoxia

29

It is a condition marked by lack of oxygen which may cause brain damage.

anoxia

30

It is due to immaturity of liver and evidenced by yellowish appearance. It may cause brain damage if not treated promptly.

neonatal jaundice