PART 1. THE STUDY OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in PART 1. THE STUDY OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT Deck (28)
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1

focuses on the scientific study of the processes of change and stability throughout human life

Human Development

2

human development as a lifelong process; womb to tomb concept

life-span development

3

Domains of Development

Physical development
Cognitive development
Psychosocial development

4

concept that seems natural and obvious to those who accept it but in reality, is an invention of a certain culture or society

social construction

5

8 PERIODS OF DEVELOPMENT

Prenatal period
Infancy and Toddlerhood (Birth to 3 years)
Early Childhood (3 to 6 years)
Middle Childhood (6 to 11 years)
Adolescence ( 11 to 20 years)
Emerging and Young Adulthood (20 to 40 years)
Middle Adulthood (40-65 years)
Late Adulthood (over 65 years)

6

a factor that influences development that is described as different characteristics, influences, and developmental outcomes

individual differences

7

inborn traits that affect development

heredity

8

totality of noninherited, experiential influences on development

environment

9

unfolding of natural sequence of physical and behavioral changes

maturation

10

household unit with one or two person as parents and children (biological, adopted, or step)

nuclear family

11

multigenerational kinship network of parents, kids, and other relatives

extended family

12

based on a family's income and educational background as well as occupational levels of adults in the household

socioeconomic status (SES)

13

condition that increase the chances of a negative developmental outcome

risk factor

14

society's way of life

culture

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group that is unified by ancestry, race, religion, language, national origins which contribute to a sense of shared identity

ethnic group

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overgeneralization that obscures variations

ethnic gloss

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biological or environmental events which occurs similarly for most people

normative influences

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biological or environmental events that has a strong correlation with age

normative age-graded influences

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significant event that shape behavior of a historical generation

normative history-graded influences

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people which are strongly influenced by a major historical event during their formative period

historical generation

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group of people born at about the same time

cohort

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unusual event that happens to someone or a typical event that happens at an unusual time of life

nonnormative influences

23

instinctive form of learning in which a young animal forms an attachment to the first object it sees

imprinting

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time when a given event or its absence has an impact on development

critical period

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range of modifiability of performance

plasticity

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time in development when a person is particularly open to certain kinds of experiences

sensitive periods

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Who developed the principles of life-span development approach?

Paul B. Baltes and colleagues

28

Principles of Life-span Development Approach

1. Development is lifelong.
2. Development is multidimensional.
3. Development is multidirectional.
4. Relative influences of biology and culture shift over the lifespan.
5. Development involves changing resource allocations.
6. Development shows plasticity.
7. Development is influenced by the historical and cultural context.