PART 9. PHYSICAL & COGNITIVE DEVLOPMENT IN MIDDLE CHILDHOOD Flashcards Preview

Developmental Psychology > PART 9. PHYSICAL & COGNITIVE DEVLOPMENT IN MIDDLE CHILDHOOD > Flashcards

Flashcards in PART 9. PHYSICAL & COGNITIVE DEVLOPMENT IN MIDDLE CHILDHOOD Deck (68)
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1

True or False. Growth in middle childhood slows down.

True

2

True or False. Both grey and white matter increases in middle childhood.

False. Only WHITE MATTER increases; grey matter decrases.

3

True or False. Rough-and-tumble play are participated by boys more than girls.

True

4

This is a vigorous play like wrestling, hitting, and chasing.

Rough-and-tumble play

5

This is a descriptive and evaluative belief about one's body.

body image

6

Negative thoughts about one's body.

body dissatisfaction

7

These are illnesses that lasts for a short period of time.

acute medical conditions

8

These are illnesses that persist for at least 3 months.

chronic medical conditions

9

A chronic respiratory disease which results to difficulty in breathing and sudden attacks of coughing and wheezing.

Asthma

10

A common disease in childhood indicated by high levels of glucose because of a defective production of insulin.

Diabetes

11

Piaget's 3rd stage wherein kids reason logically but not abstractly.

concrete operational stage (7 to 12)

12

Advances in Selected Cognitive Abilities in Middle Childhood

1. Spatial thinking
2. Cause and effect
3. Categorization
4. Seriation and transitive inference
5. Inductive and deductive reasoning
6. Conservation
7. Number and mathematics

13

Ability to arrange items in order according to a characteristic.

Seriation

14

Understanding of relationships between two objects by comparing them to another object.

transitive inference

15

Understanding of relationship between a whole and its parts.

class inclusion

16

Piaget's 3 Stages of Moral Development

1. rigid obedience to authority (2 to 7)
2. increasing flexibility (7 to 11)
3. ideal of equity (11 or 12)

17

Ability to deliberately direct attention and shut out distractions.

Selective attention

18

Voluntary suppression of unwanted response.

Inhibitory control

19

Understanding of the memory process.

Metamemory

20

A strategy used to aid the memory.

Mnemonic device

21

A mnemonic strategy that uses something outside the person.

External memory aids

22

A mnemonic strategy used to keep an item in the working memory through repetition.

Rehearsal

23

A mnemonic strategy of categorizing information.

Organization

24

A mnemonic strategy of making mental associations of information.

Elaboration

25

A intelligence scale that assesses children's verbal and performance scores as well as combined scores.

Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC-IV)

26

A group intelligence test for kindergarten to grade 12.

Otis-Lennon School Ability Test (OLSAT 8)

27

Intelligence test that aims to have no culturally linked content.

culture-free test

28

Intelligence test that contains questions associated with common experiences, in an attempt to avoid culture bias.

culture-fair test

29

It proposes that a person has several distinct forms of intelligence.

Gardener's Theory of Multiple Intelligence

30

It proposes describes the 3 elements of intelligence.

Sternberg's Theory of Intelligence