PART 15. PHYSICAL AND COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT IN MIDDLE ADULTHOOD Flashcards Preview

Developmental Psychology > PART 15. PHYSICAL AND COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT IN MIDDLE ADULTHOOD > Flashcards

Flashcards in PART 15. PHYSICAL AND COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT IN MIDDLE ADULTHOOD Deck (29)
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1

_______ appeared in the dictionary in 1895 as middle-aged adults took on new roles at midlife.

Middle age

2

It is an age-related, progressive loss of the eye's ability to focus on nearby objects due to loss of elasticity in the lens.

Presbyopia

3

It is the term used for nearsightedness.

Myopia

4

_______ is an age-related, gradual loss of hearing, which accelerates after age 55, especially with regards to sounds at higher frequencies.

Presbycusis

5

True or False. Hearing loss proceeds twice as quickly in women than men.

False. Hearing loss proceeds twice as quickly in MEN THAN WOMEN.

6

This is the use of energy to maintain vital functions.

Basal metabolism

7

It refers to the maximum amount of air that can be drawn in with a deep breath and expelled. This begins to diminish around age 40.

Vital capacity

8

It is the stage in life wherein women become unable to bear a child and men's ability to reproduce declines.

Middle adulthood

9

It happens when women permanently stops ovulating and menstruating. As a result, they can't conceive a child anymore.

Menopause

10

Menopause undergoes a process called _________ which lasts 3 to 5 years.

menopausal transition (3-5 years).

11

Menstrual transition starts with _______, aka climacteric. This is marked by the declining production of mature ova and estrogen.

perimenopause

12

Due to declines in testosterone production, some middle-aged men experience ________ or impotence. This is the inability of a man to achieve or maintain an erect penis.

erectile dysfunction

13

This disease is also a risk factor for cardiovascular disease and kidney disease.

Hypertension

14

A disease that is marked by defective insulin production. This results to high levels of glucose since they are not converted to energy.

Diabetes

15

What do you call the condition in which the bones become thin and brittle as a result of rapid calcium depletion?

Osteoporosis

16

__________ is the diagnostic X-ray test of the breast.

Mammography

17

It is the treatment with artificial estrogen, sometimes in combination with progesterone, to relieve or prevent symptoms caused by decline in estrogen levels after menopause.

Hormone therapy

18

_______ refers to the damage that occurs when the perceived emotional demands, exceed a person's capacity to cope with them.

Stress

19

True or False. Men usually respond to stress with the typical fight or flight. Women, on the other hand, respond with tend and befriend.

True

20

True or False. Middle-aged adults are more likely to suffer from serious psychological distress.

True

21

An intelligence that is proposed by Horn and Cattell as the ability to solve novel problems. This is somehow independent of educational and cultural influences.

Fluid intelligence

22

The intelligence which is proposed by Horn and Cattell as the ability to remember and use learned information. This is largely dependent of education and culture.

Crystal intelligence

23

_________ as Hoyer describes it, is the process of that allows expertise to compensate for declines in information-processing ability by bundling relevant knowledge together.

Encapsulation

24

True or False. A certain degree of IQ is needed in creativity, but is not strongly related to IQ.

True

25

Creativity arises from a combination of ________ and ________.

social contexts and individual differences.

26

It is the perceived emotional demands.

stressors

27

On average, creativity and production of creative outputs tend to peak around the ____.

30s

28

________ is the gradual transition from work to retirement.

Phased retirement

29

________, to an adult, is the ability to use printed and written information to function in society, achieve goals, and develop knowledge as well as potential.

Literacy