Flashcards in PART 15. PHYSICAL AND COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT IN MIDDLE ADULTHOOD Deck (29)
_______ appeared in the dictionary in 1895 as middle-aged adults took on new roles at midlife.
It is an age-related, progressive loss of the eye's ability to focus on nearby objects due to loss of elasticity in the lens.
It is the term used for nearsightedness.
_______ is an age-related, gradual loss of hearing, which accelerates after age 55, especially with regards to sounds at higher frequencies.
True or False. Hearing loss proceeds twice as quickly in women than men.
False. Hearing loss proceeds twice as quickly in MEN THAN WOMEN.
This is the use of energy to maintain vital functions.
It refers to the maximum amount of air that can be drawn in with a deep breath and expelled. This begins to diminish around age 40.
It is the stage in life wherein women become unable to bear a child and men's ability to reproduce declines.
It happens when women permanently stops ovulating and menstruating. As a result, they can't conceive a child anymore.
Menopause undergoes a process called _________ which lasts 3 to 5 years.
menopausal transition (3-5 years).
Menstrual transition starts with _______, aka climacteric. This is marked by the declining production of mature ova and estrogen.
Due to declines in testosterone production, some middle-aged men experience ________ or impotence. This is the inability of a man to achieve or maintain an erect penis.
This disease is also a risk factor for cardiovascular disease and kidney disease.
A disease that is marked by defective insulin production. This results to high levels of glucose since they are not converted to energy.
What do you call the condition in which the bones become thin and brittle as a result of rapid calcium depletion?
__________ is the diagnostic X-ray test of the breast.
It is the treatment with artificial estrogen, sometimes in combination with progesterone, to relieve or prevent symptoms caused by decline in estrogen levels after menopause.
_______ refers to the damage that occurs when the perceived emotional demands, exceed a person's capacity to cope with them.
True or False. Men usually respond to stress with the typical fight or flight. Women, on the other hand, respond with tend and befriend.
True or False. Middle-aged adults are more likely to suffer from serious psychological distress.
An intelligence that is proposed by Horn and Cattell as the ability to solve novel problems. This is somehow independent of educational and cultural influences.
The intelligence which is proposed by Horn and Cattell as the ability to remember and use learned information. This is largely dependent of education and culture.
_________ as Hoyer describes it, is the process of that allows expertise to compensate for declines in information-processing ability by bundling relevant knowledge together.
True or False. A certain degree of IQ is needed in creativity, but is not strongly related to IQ.
Creativity arises from a combination of ________ and ________.
social contexts and individual differences.
It is the perceived emotional demands.
On average, creativity and production of creative outputs tend to peak around the ____.
________ is the gradual transition from work to retirement.