PART 7. PHYSICAL & COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT IN EARLY CHILDHOOD Flashcards Preview

Developmental Psychology > PART 7. PHYSICAL & COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT IN EARLY CHILDHOOD > Flashcards

Flashcards in PART 7. PHYSICAL & COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT IN EARLY CHILDHOOD Deck (57)
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1

True or False. In early childhood, kids usually gain weight and grow slower.

False. In early childhood, kids slim down and shoot up.

2

True or False. In early childhood, kids need lesser people.

True

3

It is the repeated urination in clothing or in bed.

enuresis

4

True or False. At about 3 to 6 years old, there is rapid brain growth in the back areas that regulates planning and goal setting.

False. At about 3 to 6 years old, there is rapid brain growth in the FRONTAL areas that regulates planning and goal setting.

5

It is the thick band of nerve fibers that connects both hemispheres of the brain.

corpus callosum

6

This is the preference for using a certain hand.

handedness

7

She studied about 1 million children's drawing to know more on early graphic expression.

Rhoda Kellog

8

It is the abnormal immune system response to a specific food.

food allergy

9

This is the 2nd stage of Piaget's theory in which symbolic thought expands but children cannot yet use logic.

preoperational stage

10

A cognitive advance during early childhood wherein kids do not need sensorimotor contact in order to think about an object, person, or event.

Use of symbols

11

A cognitive advance during early childhood wherein kids can imagine that objects or people have properties other than they actually have.

Use of symbols

12

A cognitive advance during early childhood that is marked by kids' awareness that superficial alterations do not change the nature of things.

Understanding of identities

13

A cognitive advance during early childhood wherein kids realize that events have causes.

Understanding of cause and effect (causality)

14

A cognitive advance during early childhood in which kids organize, objects, people, and events into meaningful categories.

Ability to classify

15

A cognitive advance during early childhood that is indicated by children's ability to count and deal with numbers.

Understanding of number

16

A cognitive advance during early childhood that is characterized by children's capability to imagine how others might feel.

Empathy

17

A cognitive advance during early childhood that is marked by kids becoming more aware of mental activity and the functioning of the mind.

Theory of mind

18

A limitation of a preoperational child wherein they focus on one aspect and neglect others.

centration: inability to decenter

"lacks concept of conservation"

19

This is a limitation of a preoperational child wherein they fail to understand that some actions can be reversed, restoring the original situation.

irreversibility

20

It is a limitation of a preoperational child in which they are not able to understand the significance of the transformation between states.

focus on stress rather than transformation

21

A limitation of a preoperational child wherein kids do not use deductive or inductive reasoning. Instead, they jump from one event to another and see cause where none exists.

transduction or transductive reasoning

22

This is a limitation of a preoperational child wherein they assume everyone else thinks, perceives, and feels as they do.

egocentrism (a form of centration)

23

This is a limitation of a preoperational child wherein kids attribute life to object not alive.

animism

24

This is a limitation of a preoperational child marked by children's confusion on what is real with outward appearance.

inability to distinguish appearance from reality

25

Refers to the ability to use mental representations to which a child has attached meaning.

symbolic functioning

26

It is playing with imaginary people and situations. Also called fantasy play, dramatic play, imaginative play.

pretend play

27

It is the concept of comparing quantities that seem to begin around 9 to 11 months.

ordinality

28

Ability to think simultaneously about several parts of a situation.

decenter

29

The awareness that 2 objects remain equal as long as nothing has been added or taken away.

conservation

30

This is the memory process that records information.

encoding