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Flashcards in Respiratory System Deck (97)
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61

a double-folded, serous membrane is

pleura

62

Cavity or hollow in the body is

sinus

63

external and internal are the two forms of ____

respiration

64

the exchange of o2 and co2 between the external environment and the lungs is _____

external

65

the exchange of gases between the lungs and the blood is

internal

66

Continuous with the roof of the mouth is

tonsils, palatine

67

tonsils, and pharyngeal helps protect against _____

pathogens

68

windpipe aka

trachea

69

What is a respiratory disorder characterized by recurring episodes of paroxysmal dyspnea. Patients exhibit coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath?

asthma

70

Collapse of lung tissue or an entire lunge is

atelectasis

71

Inflammation of the bronchi that may be acute or chronic is

bronchitis

72

respiratory disorder characterized by a progressive and irreversible diminishment in inspiration and expiratory capacity of the lungs. Patient experiences dyspnea on exertion (DOE), difficulty inhaling or exhaling, and a chronic cough.

Chronic Obstructive pulmonary disease
COPD

73

An instrument to view your lungs

bronchoscopy

74

lack of oxygen in blood seen as bluish or grayish discoloration of the skin, nail-beds, and/or lips

cyanosis

75

difficult, and/or painful breathing

dyspnea

76

abnormal condition of the pulmonary system characterized by distention and destructive changes of the alveoli. The most common cause is tobacco smoking, but exposure to the environment may also cause the disease is

emphysema

77

good, normal breathing is

eupnea

78

coughing up blood or blood stained sputum is

hemoptysis

79

condition of excessive CO2, in the blood is

hypercapnia

80

inflammation of the voice box is

laryngitis

81

a surgical operation where a lobe of the lung is removed

lobectomy

82

Condition of difficult breathing unless in an upright position is

othopnea

83

Measuring a patients O2 saturation is known as

oximetry

84

Inflammation or infection of the pharynx, usually causing symptoms of a sore throat is

pharyngitis

85

inflammation of the parietal pleura of the lungs. may be caused by cancer, pneumonia, or tuberculosis is

pleurisy

86

loss of lung capacity caused by an accumulation of dust in the lungs is

Pneumonia

87

abnormal condition of fungus in the nose is

rhinomycosis

88

What is discharge from the nose?

rhinorrhea

89

surgical repair of the wall between the nares is

septoplasty

90

inflammation of one or more of the paranasal sinuses is

sinusitis