Flashcards in Stress Deck (62):
The subfield of psychology concerned with ways psychological factors influence the causes and treatment of physical illness and the maintenance of health.
Refers to a theory that physiological response mechanisms, initiated by fear, can precipitate death itself. Fight or flight response.
Specific events or chronic pressures that place demands on a person or threaten the person's well being.
The physical and psychological response to internal and external stressors (real or perceived).
Holmes and Rahe in 1967 observed that...
Major life changes cause stress and that increased stress causes illness.
What does CUSS stand for?
College Undergraduate Stress Scale.
CUSS was developed by?
Renner and Mackin.
What is the purpose of CUSS?
To illustrate life stress and its cumulative nature.
Stressful events can be ___ or ___.
Adaptive or maladaptive.
A source of stress that occurs continuously or repeatedly.
Refers to the study of environmental effects of behaviour and health.
Learning environments close to the airport.
Higher blood pressure and gave up more easily on difficult problems.
Glass and Singer 1972.
Expecting that you will have control over what happens to you has been found to be associated with effectiveness of dealing with stress.
Another way to describe perceived control.
Internal locus of control.
Fight or Flight Response
An emotional and physiological reaction to an emergency that increases readiness for action.
Order for flight or flight response.
Threat, hypothalamus, pituitary gland (ACTH), adrenal gland (epinephrine and norepinephrine), sympathetic increases and parasympathetic decreases.
GAS stands for?
Generalized Adaptation Syndrome.
Generalized Adaptation Syndrome
A three stage physiological stress response that appears regardless of the stressor that is encountered.
Three stages of GAS.
Alarm phase, Resistance phase, and Exhaustion.
The body rapidly mobilizes its resources to respond to a threat.
The body adapts to its high state of arousal to cope with stressors.
If GAS continues for long enough, resistance depletes and causes damage.
A complex response system that protects the body from bacteria, viruses, and other foreign substances.
The study of how immune system responds to psychological variables, such as stressors.
Mouth wounds healed faster ___ than ___.
On vacation than during exams.
Friedman and Rosenman
Identified Type A and C Behaviour Patterns.
Type A Behaviour Pattern
Easily aroused, hostile, impatient, sense of urgency, competitive.
Type B Behaviour Pattern
Work steady, enjoy achieving but do not mind losing, reflective and creative.
Which personality type is more likely to suffer from a heart attack?
The interpretation of a stimulus as stressful or not.
Determine whether the stressor is something you can handle or not.
A stress disorder characterized by chronic psychological arousal, recurring unwanted thoughts or images of trauma, and avoidance of things that call the traumatic events to mind.
A state of physical, emotional, and mental exhaustion created by long-term involvement in an emotionally demanding situation and accompanied by lowered performance and motivation.
__% of people have felt overwhelmed at one point.
Avoiding situations of thoughts that are reminders of a stressor and maintaining an artificially positive viewpoint.
Facing a stressor and working to its outcome.
Three steps to rational coping:
Acceptance, exposure, and understanding.
Finding a new or creative way to think about a stressor that reduces its threat.
What does SIT stand for?
Stress Inoculation Training,
Stress Inoculation Training
A therapy that helps people to cope with stressful situations by developing positive ways to think about the situation.
Body symptoms of stress.
Muscle aches, back pain, knots in your stomach, sweaty hands, etc.
A technique for reducing tension by consciously relaxing muscles of the body.
The use of an external monitoring device to obtain information about a bodily function and possibly gain control over the function.
Why is aerobic exercise beneficial to stress management? (hint: hormone).
Serotonin increases mood.
Involves changing your life situation as a way of reducing the impact of stress on your mind and body.
Refers to aid gained through interacting with others.
Social Response to Stress for Women. What hormone is a key factor?
Tend and befriend. Oxytocin is a key factor.
Social Response to Stress for Men.
The set of psychological disorders in which the person displays physical symptoms not fully explained by a general medical condition.
A psychological disorder in which a person is preoccupied with minor symptoms and develops an exaggerated belief that the symptoms signify a life-threatening illness.
A disorder characterized by apparently debilitating physical symptoms that appear to be voluntary, but that the person experiences as involuntary.
A socially recognized set of rights and obligations linked with illness.
According to Parsons, what are the three components of illness?
Psychological, social, moral.
Optimism tends to be ___ over time.
Hardiness is a characteristic of stress-___ individuals.
Ability to become involved in life's tasks and encounters rather than just dabbling.
The expectation that their actions and words have a causal influence over their lives and environment.
Undertaking the change and accepting opportunities for growth.
The exercise of voluntary control over the self to bring the self into line with preferred standards.