Flashcards in Test 2: Consciousness, Sleep, Drugs Deck (51)
the person’s subjective experience of the world and the mind.
an active system encompassing a lifetime of hidden memories, deepest instinct and desires, and an inner struggle to control these forces (Sigmund Freud).
a mental process that removes unacceptable thoughts and memories from consciousness.
the mental processes that give rise to a person’s thoughts, choices, emotions, and behavior even though they are not experienced by the person.
a thought or behavior that is influenced by stimuli that a person cannot consciously report perceiving
a biological rhythm with a period of about 24 hours
Stage 1 sleep
theta waves, light sleep
Stage 2 sleep
minor noises probably won’t disturb you
Stage 3 sleep
Stage 4 sleep
delta waves, deepest stage of sleep, shake to wake, HR slowed, muscles relaxed, may sleep walk
REM stage sleep
stage of sleep characterized by rapid eye movements and a high level of brain activity, dreaming. HR and BP increase, sexual arousal, body muscles are still (except for eyes)
Which stage of sleep is especially crucial for normal functioning?
Sleep provides “time out” for body to replenish…
-Eliminate waste from muscles
-Strengthen immune system
-Repair cells throughout body
____ is essential for memory consolidation and problem solving skills
difficulty in falling or staying asleep
a person stops breathing for brief periods while asleep.
-Causes many awakenings during night
-Detected by spouse most often
occurs when a person arises and walks around while asleep (sleepwalking).
-Safe to wake them
sudden REM sleep attacks occur in the middle of waking activities.
-Degradation of hypothalamus neurons
-Influenced by genetics
-Treated effectively with meds
abrupt awakenings with panic and intense emotional arousal (sleep terrors).
-Non REM sleep
REM Behavior Disorder
don’t have muscle paralysis that usually occurs in REM so people “act out” their dreams.
Five general characteristics of dreams
-Thought is illogical
-Sensations are fully formed
-Average college student has 24/year
-More common in children and adults who have experienced trauma
-Reflect prior day experiences (day residue)
-Things we are concerned about
-Images of recent past
Freud Dream Theory
Freud felt that dreams represent (suppressed) wishes, some unacceptable.
what we consciously experience
hidden meaning, the unconscious wishes being expressed symbolically