Test 2: Consciousness, Sleep, Drugs Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Test 2: Consciousness, Sleep, Drugs Deck (51)
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1

Consciousness

the person’s subjective experience of the world and the mind.

2

Dynamic Unconscious

an active system encompassing a lifetime of hidden memories, deepest instinct and desires, and an inner struggle to control these forces (Sigmund Freud).

3

Repression

a mental process that removes unacceptable thoughts and memories from consciousness.

4

Freudian Unconscious

-dynamic unconscious
-repression
-Freudian slips

5

Cognitive Unconscious

the mental processes that give rise to a person’s thoughts, choices, emotions, and behavior even though they are not experienced by the person.

6

Subliminal perception

a thought or behavior that is influenced by stimuli that a person cannot consciously report perceiving

7

Circadian Rythm

a biological rhythm with a period of about 24 hours

8

Beta waves

alert, awake

9

Alpha waves

relaxation, drowsy

10

Stage 1 sleep

theta waves, light sleep

11

Stage 2 sleep

minor noises probably won’t disturb you

12

Stage 3 sleep

delta waves

13

Stage 4 sleep

delta waves, deepest stage of sleep, shake to wake, HR slowed, muscles relaxed, may sleep walk

14

REM stage sleep

stage of sleep characterized by rapid eye movements and a high level of brain activity, dreaming. HR and BP increase, sexual arousal, body muscles are still (except for eyes)

15

Which stage of sleep is especially crucial for normal functioning?

REM

16

Sleep provides “time out” for body to replenish…

-Eliminate waste from muscles
-Strengthen immune system
-Repair cells throughout body

17

____ is essential for memory consolidation and problem solving skills

Sleep

18

Insomnia

difficulty in falling or staying asleep

19

Sleep apnea

a person stops breathing for brief periods while asleep.
-Causes many awakenings during night
-Detected by spouse most often

20

Somnambulism

occurs when a person arises and walks around while asleep (sleepwalking).
-Safe to wake them

21

Narcolepsy

sudden REM sleep attacks occur in the middle of waking activities.
-Degradation of hypothalamus neurons
-Influenced by genetics
-Treated effectively with meds

22

Night/sleep terrors

abrupt awakenings with panic and intense emotional arousal (sleep terrors).
-Non REM sleep

23

REM Behavior Disorder

don’t have muscle paralysis that usually occurs in REM so people “act out” their dreams.

24

Five general characteristics of dreams

-Intense emotion
-Thought is illogical
-Sensations are fully formed
-Uncritical acceptance
-Difficulty remembering

25

Nightmares

-Average college student has 24/year
-More common in children and adults who have experienced trauma

26

Mundane Dreams

-Reflect prior day experiences (day residue)
-Things we are concerned about
-Images of recent past

27

Freud Dream Theory

Freud felt that dreams represent (suppressed) wishes, some unacceptable.

28

Manifest content

what we consciously experience

29

Latent content

hidden meaning, the unconscious wishes being expressed symbolically

30

Problem-focused approach

Dreams represent waking concerns and opportunities to resolve them.