Test 4 musculoskeletal Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Test 4 musculoskeletal Deck (66)
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1

is a break in the continuity of a bone

fracture

2

the bone is broken all the way through

complete fracture

3

the bone is damaged but still in one piece

incomplete fracture

4

fracture where the skin is intact

closed

5

fracture where the skin is broken

open

6

when a bone breaks in more than two fragments

comminuted fracture

7

Fracture line runs parallel to the long axis of bone

linear fracture

8

fracture line at an angle to long axis of bone

oblique fracture

9

Fracture line encircling bone (as a spiral staircase)

spiral fracture

10

horizontal break through bone

transverse fracture

11

fracture fragments are pushed into each other

impacted fracture

12

fracture occurs as a bone is weakened by disease

pathological fracture

13

fractures cause by low level trauma

Fragility fracture

14

break in one cortex of bone

greenstick fracture

15

bucking of bone cortex with no break

torus fracture

16

bending of the bone

bowing fracture

17

Micro fracture caused by stress

stress fracture

18

abnormal stress

fatigue stress fracture

19

abnormal bone

insufficiency stress fracture

20

Separation of articular cartilage from main shaft of bone

transchondral fracture

21

first the bone is aligned then it is kept under traction then a cast is put on after the swelling is gone

closed manipulation

22

go in with surgery and move bone back into position and sometimes scores and plates are used

open manipulation

23

is failure of the bone ends to grow together

nonunion

24

is union that does not occur until approximately 8-9 months after fracture

delayed union

25

is the healing of a bone in a non anatomic position

malunion

26

false joint

pseudarthrosis

27

Temporary displacement of two bones
Loss of contact between articular cartilage

dislocation

28

contact between articular surfaces is only partially lost

subluxation

29

connects muscle to bone

tendon

30

connects bone to bone

ligaments