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Flashcards in The sewing machine Deck (15)
0

List of machine stitches

Straight stitch

Zig-zag stitch

Buttonhole stitch

Embroidery stitch

1

Straight stitch

Used for most sewing, eg. seams, to apply waistbands and to sew hems on non-stretch fabrics.

The stitch length can be adjusted. Long stitches are used for thick fabric.

2

Zig-zag stitch

Used for finishing seams, sewing stretchy fabric and appliqué.

3

Buttonhole stitch

Used for making buttonholes.

4

Embroidery stitch

Used for decorative work.

5

Choosing a sewing machine

Consider the following factors:

-Cost of the machine
-Is the machine easy to use?
-What stitches and/or special features will you need?
-What attachments/extras are included?
-Does if have a reliable brand name?
-The after-sales and gurantee.

6

Using a sewing machine

Thread the machine properly

adjust stitch length and tension to suit the fabric

test the stitch on a length of fabric

begin machining by pressing lightly on the foot pedal

if you need to stop in the middle of a line, or to turn a corner, leave the needle in the fabric

7

Care of a sewing machine

Follow the instructions for use and cleaning

Do not run a threaded machine within out fabric

Cover when not in use to avoid dust

Oil moving parts occasionally

Have the machine serviced regularly

8

Machine faults

Needle breaks

Thread breaks

Looped stitches

Uneven stitches

Slipped stitches

Puckered seams

9

Needle breaks

Pulling fabric before raising needle

Top tension too tight

Needle too fine or inserted incorrectly

Loose presser foot

10

Thread breaks

Top tension too tight

Incorrect threading of machine

Poor-quality thread

Needle inserted incorrectly

11

Uneven stitches

Incorrect threading

Needle set too high or too low

Pulling or pushing fabric while machining

Needle blunt or inserted incorrectly

12

Looped stitches

Top tension too loose

Incorrect threading of machine

Bobbin threaded incorrectly

13

Slipped stitches

Wrong size of needle

Needle set too high or too low

Needle inserted incorrectly

14

Puckered seam

Tension set incorrectly

Needle too thin or too thick