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Flashcards in Food processing - Additives Deck (15)
1

E numbers

Means additive tested by experts and accepted safe in EU. Under law, must be listed on labels

2

Fortified foods

Extra nutrients added during processing to increase nutritive value.
Substances added may help control diseases, eg. coronary heart disease

3

Advantages of additives

Food last longer, reduce waste
Wider choice of foods
Preserves, reduce risk of food poisoning
Good-quality food can be consistently provided

4

Functions of additives

Improve appearance + flavour
Last longer
Reduce risk of food poisoning
Improve texture
Improve food value, ie. nutritive additives

5

Advantage of fortified food

Extra nutrients, more nutritious
Tackles health issues of country
Replaces nutrients lost
Increases sales for manufacturers as consumers more health conscious

6

Disadvantages of additives

May deceive consumer
Side effects eg hyperactivity, skin rash
Mixture may be harmful over time
Some overuse foods containing additives, eg, msg + do not enjoy taste of fresh foods

7

ADDITIVES

Colours (E100-E199)

Flavourings (Do not contain E numbers)

Flavour enhancers (E620-640)

Preservatives (E200-299)

Antioxidants (E300-399)

Emulsifiers & stabilisers

Nutritive additives

8

Additives : colours

Adds colour, more appealing.

Beta-carotne, Sunset yellow (E110), Allura red (E129)

9

Additive: flavourings

Improve flavour

Sugar, salt, spices, saccharine + aspartame (artificial sweeteners)

10

Additives: flavour enhancers

Make flavour seem stronger

Monosodium glutamate (MSG) (E621)

11

Additives: Preservatives

Keep food from going bad.

Vinager, Sorbic acid, salt

12

Additives: antioxidants

Prevents food containing fat going rancid (bad)

Vitamin C, Vitamin E

13

Additives: emulsifiiers, stabilisers

Emulsifiers - Force oil + water to mix
Lecithin (E422)

Stabilisers - Prevent oil + water separating
Guar gum (E412)

14

Additives: Nutritive additives

Improve nutritive value, replace nutrients lost.

Vitamins + minerals added to breakfast cereals.

15

Additives

Substances added by manufacturers to improve food in some way