Design and room planning Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Design and room planning Deck (53)
1

primary colours

red, yellow, blue

2

secondary colours

made by mixing two primary colours

green, orange, purple

3

tertiary coloufs

mix primary + secondary

eg. purple + red --> wine

4

warm colours

red, pink, orange, yellow

make room look warm + cosy

5

strong colours

seem to move forward, makes room seem smaller

6

cool colours

blue, green, pale yellow, blue-violet
cool, calm environment

7

neutral colours

black, white, grey, beige, cream

useful for combining w/ more definite colours/all-natural colour scheme

8

light colours

draw back, walls + ceilings seem further away

9

pastel colours

pale, delicate colours

baby blue, lemon yellow,

'ice cream' colours

blend easily,

light, airy effect

10

vertical lines

object seems taller

11

diagonal lines

dramatic effect

12

horizontal lines

object seems wider

13

curved lines

soft & graceful

14

important when desining

function - does job well

appearance - attractive

comfort & quality - well made & comfortable

15

features of design

function
colour
form (shape + line)
texture
pattern

16

pattern

decorative design, eg. floral

provides interest + contrast.
too many --> clustered effect.
small patterns work best in small areas, big in big areas.

17

texture

feel of an object. every room should have a variety

18

form (shape + line)

shape - outline of object

basic shapes - square, circle, triangle, rectangle

19

function

if item does not suit function, badly designed

20

colour

can create diff effecfs, change atmosphere of room

21

types of textures

rough
smooth

22

rough textures

eg. brick, tweed
absorb sound + light, quiet, cosy

23

smooth textures

eg. marble, glass
reflect sound + light,
easy to clean
create cool effect
may be noisy

24

design principles

balance
proportion
rhythm
emphasis

25

balance

equal spread of colour, pattern, texture

26

proprotion

link between sizes of items/objects eg. kitchen chair + kitchen table

27

emphasis

part of design that stands out, draws eye

use of colour pattern, texture, lighting to create emphasis

28

rhythm

regular/repeated colour or pattern to connect parts

29

guidelines for planning a room

function
safety & hygiene
comfort & attractiveness
ventikation
likes + dislikes of occupants
good use of space
consider aspect
traffic flow
heating & lighting
layout

30

function

family living room, study

31

safety & hygiene

edp. in kitchens + bathrooms

32

comfort & attractiveness

good balance

33

layout

influenced by existing fixtures + fittings eg. radiators

34

ventilation

important - kitchen + bathrooms

35

likes + dislikes of occupants

eg. child's bedroom

36

good use of space

plan for sufficient storage space

37

consider aspect

(direction room faces)
north - little sunlight, needs warm colours
south - cool colours suit

38

traffic flow

free movement in room, enough space between furniture

39

heating & lighting

systems well planned + flexible
(allow power points for extra lamps, portable heaters)

40

designing a bedroom

colour scheme
floor
walls
furniture
soft furnishings
heating
lighting
ventilation

41

colour scheme

consider aspect, preferences

42

floor

carpet (hard/soft), polished wood, laminated flooring

43

walls

paint/wallpaper

44

furniture

bed, wardrobe, drawres, bookshelves, beside locker, desk, chair

45

soft furnishings

curtains, bkinds, duvet cover, cushions, bedspreads, lampshades

46

heating

central heating radiator, underfloor heating, open fire, portable electric heater

47

lighting

central ligjging, beside lamp, study lamp, novelty lamps (lava lamps, fairy lights)

48

ventilations

windows, vent

49

efficiency of kitchen

location of equipment will make work triangle v big + leads to unnecessary extra walking
or
make it v small --> cramped

depends on how it is laid put, not how big it is

50

when designing s kitchen, consider

work sequence
work triangle

51

work triangle

imaginary triangle which links three main pieces of equipment in kitchen: fridge, cooker, sink

example of ergonomics

52

ergonomics

study of efficiency of people in their workplace.
involves designing equipment + room layouts to suit people so time + energy not wasted

eg. work triangle

53

work sequence

storage - fridge, food cupboards

preparation - worktops, sink

cooking - cooker/oven, hob

serving - worktop, serving dish, cupboard