Flashcards in A balanced diet Deck (10)
Nutrient correct amounts for energy
50% of energy from carbohydrates, 33% from fat, 16% from protein as well as minerals, vitamins and water.
Healthy eating guidelines
Reduce intake of saturated fat
Increase intake of fruit, vegetables, water, iron and calcium,
Food pyramid order + max/min intake
Max 1 - Snack foods
Any 2 - essential fats and oils
Any 2 - Meat, fish, eggs group
Any 3 - Dairy group
Any 5 - Fruit and vegetables group
Any 6 - Cereals and breads group
Babies rely on milk for the first 4-6 months of their lives
Skimmed milk is not suitable
Weaned at 4-6 months
Cow's milk is not suitable until they are 1 years old.
Have a diet with plenty of protein, calcium, iron and energy.
They should eat plenty of fruits and vegetables.
Avoid high-fat, salty or sugary snacks.
Develop healthy eating habits at a young age.
Provide a diet high in protein, calcium, iron and Vitamins A and D.
Foods from the bread, cereal and potato group should be included in every meal.
Include healthy snacks like fresh fruit, yoghurt, nuts, dried fruits, etc.
Include milk and dairy foods in the diet.
Eat a variety of foods
Include protein for replay and growth of cells
Avoid too much saturated fat
Salt intake should be controlled.
Pregnant and breastfeeding women.
Make sure diet provides all essential nutrients
Iron and Vitamin C should be taken to prevent anaemia
Folic acid should be taken to prevent Spina Bifida and other NTDS in the baby.
Avoid alcohol, cigarettes, spicy or rich foods, strong tea and coffee.
eat a healthy diet
Include fruit and veg in the diet
Vitamin B is needed for healthy nerves and release of energy.