Flashcards in The Southern Rhône Deck (23):
List the key appellations of Southern Rhone
Cotes du Rhone / Cotes du Rhone Villages
Chateauneuf du Pape
Gigondas / Vacqueras
Tavel / Lirac
What is the climate of Southern Rhone and what are the risks of the climate?
Mediterranean - Mild winters, warm dry Summers
Risks - drought and vine damage from Mistral winds
How is Grenache usually trained?
Bush trained to protect from Mistral and to get warmth from stony soils
The Mistral can easily damage Syrah so what do vine growers do?
Give support by trellising
What are the best soils in Southern Rhone?
Stony soils to absorb heat, some with large stones called Galets
What are the 4 key black grapes of the Southern Rhone?
Grenache, Syrah and Mourvèdre plus some Cinsault
What is the style of Southern Rhone Grenache
At its best / worst
At best concentrated spiced red fruit
BUT in V. hot years can become baked and jammy
What does Syrah bring to Southern Rhone blends?
Extra colour and tannin but struggles in hotter sites
What does Mourvèdre bring to Southern Rhone blends?
Very high tannin, dense black fruit and meaty aromas
Thrives in the heat
What does Cinsault bring to Southern Rhone blends and what is it often used for?
Low tannin, red fruit flavours
Often blended with Grenache to make fruity Rosé
How do fermentation styles vary in Southern Rhone?
From cold pre-fermentation maceration and storage in stainless steel to warm extractive fermentation in open top fermenters with maturation in oak vessels
How can Southern Rhone reds style vary?
From light / medium body, med tannin fresh fruity wines
to high tannin, full body, spicy, meaty, earthy
What white grapes are used in Southern Rhone?
White is minority production but
Bourboulenc, Clairette and Grenache Blanc plus
Northern Rhone trio; Viognier, Marsanne and Rousanne
Whilst a minority interest what is the style of the best Southern Rhone white wines?
Best have rich texture, full body, high alcohol, low to medium acidity and subtle fruit, usually no oak
How does Cotes du Rhone Villages differ from simple Cotes du Rhone?
Higher minimum alc
Max yield limits
Higher % GSM
Generally more body, structure and spiced fruit
Which is the largest Cru in the Rhone?
What is the terrain of Chateauneuf-du-Pape?
Very flat with a wide range of soils and aspects = varying styles of wines. Many areas have Galets (big stones) on the surface.
What is the style of the best red Chateauneuf-du-Pape wines?
Full body, rich texture, concentrated spiced red fruit with high alc
What does Tavel produce and what is it's style?
Rosé only from Grenache and Cinsault
Full body with intense flavour
What is produced in Lirac?
Rosé from Grenache and Cinsault, similar to Tavel
Full bodied red and white in a similar style to Chateauneuf-du-Pape
What is produced in Gigondas and Vacqueras?
Grenache led, full body, spicy reds
There's a sweet fortified wine produced in the Southern Rhone, what is it?