United States and Canada Flashcards Preview

WSET L3 GJR 2018 > United States and Canada > Flashcards

Flashcards in United States and Canada Deck (35):
1

What is the main affect fog has on grapes in Napa Valley?

The fog helps valley floor sub regions cooler resulting in fresher fruit

2

In which state would you find Finger Lakes?

New York State

3

What is Finger Lakes renowned for producing?

Riesling

4

Name 4 AVAs that are above the fog line in Napa

How are these AVAs cooled?

Howell Mountain AVA

Atlas Peak AVA

Diamond Mountain District AVA

Spring Mountain District AVA

Mount Veeder AVA

They are cooled by alltitude

5

In which US state and region is Dry Creek Valley?

California

Sonoma County

6

In which county will you find Alexander Valley AVA?

Sonoma County

7

In which county will you find Anderson Valley AVA?

Mendocino County

8

When Central Valley is so hot how can Lodi produce quality wines?

Because it is cooled by a breeze from San Fransisco Bay

9

Normally, when you move south to north in the Northern Hemisphere it gets cooler, however moving from Southern Oregon's Willamette Valley to the more northerly Washington Columbia Valley the varieties grown go from cool~moderate loving Pinot Noir to the moderate~warm loving Cabernet Sauvignon. Why is that?

The Cascade Mountains protect the more northern regions from the cooling effects of the Pacific Ocean

10

Name 2 AVAs in Santa Barbara County

Santa Maria AVA and Santa Ynez Valley AVA

11

What is the primary cooling influence in Stags Leap and Oakville AVAs?

Fog

12

Which pair of regions are most renowned for their old Vine Zinfandel?

Lodi AVA and Dry Creek Valley AVA

13

Where is Yakima Valley AVA?

Columbia Valley AVA in Washington State

14

Which AVA, being the most southerly in Napa, produces high quality Pinot Noir and Chardonnay for both still and sparkling wines?

Los Carneros

15

Working South to North list the 6 AVAs on the Napa Valley floor

Los Carneros

Stags Leap District AVA

Oakville AVA

Rutherford AVA

Saint Helena AVA

Calistoga AVA

16

Name two AVA on the West facing valley side

Howell Mountain AVA

Atlas Peak AVA

17

Name 3 AVA on Napa's East facing Valley

Diamond Mountain District AVA

Spring Mountain District AVA

Mount Veeder AVA

18

Of the Napa Valley sides which is hotter, East facing or West facing?

West facing 

(Sun rises in East and sets in the West)

19

What accounts for Zinfandel's high alcohol, full body and (sometimes) residual sugar?

Uneven ripeness in the bunch

20

Which two Napa AVAs can claim to make, probably, the most concentrated Cabernet Sauvignons in the valley?

Saint Helena AVA and Calistiga AVA

21

Which grapes have been specifically bred for the climate of California's Central Valley?

Rubired and Ruby Cabernet

22

Where in California could you find Aromatic whites e.g. Riesling and Gewurztraminer? Which AVA in which state?

Anderson Valley AVA

Mendocino County

23

Which factor assists ripening in Oregon and Washington State?

Long sunny days

24

Name 3 US AVAs where you would expect quality Pinot Noir

Los Carneros AVA

Russian River Valley AVA

Santa Maria Valley AVA

Wilamette Valley AVA

 

25

Which grape are Stags Leap District AVA, Oakville AVA and Rutherford AVA most renowned for and which AVA is reputed to make the most concentrated?

Cabernet Sauvignon

Rutherford makes the mos concentrated

26

Name 3 California AVAs where you could get premium quality Chardonnay

Los Carneros AVA

Russian River AVA

Sonoma Valley AVA

Santa Cruz Mountains AVA

Santa Maria Valley AVA

27

What is the AVA of San Luis Obispo

Give two interesting points about it

Paso Robles AVA

The mountains lie east / west encouraging sea breezes on to the mainland.

It has two distinct zones; cooler to the west and noticeably warmer to the east with much more fertile soil

28

What is the AVA of Santa Barbara County?

Santa Maria Valley AVA

29

Where will you find most pantings and wineries in Oregon?

Willamette Valley AVA

30

What is the climate throughout Canada's wine regions?

What helps moderate the high temperatures of July and August?

Continental 

Large lakes help moderate the temperature extremes

31

What are Canada's two most important wine regions?

What are the most important DVAs in each region?

Ontario - Niagara Peninsula

British Columbia - Okanagen Valley

32

What two grapes are Niagara Peninsula most renowned for and what is made from them?

Riesling - Fresh and fruity dry and off dry wines and also excellent Icewine

Vidal - Characterless dry wine but high quality Icewine

 

33

What is the Canada specific hybrid grape variety?

Vidal

34

Simply summarise Canada's appellation system and requirements

VQA - Vintners Quality Alliance
MUST use 100% grapes grown in that province
MUST be 100% v. Vinifera or selected hybrids

           - broken down into smaller

DVAs - Designated Viticultural Areas

           - divided into

Regional appellations and then sub-appellations

35

List the 4 Natural factors of wine

Grapes

Climate

Weather

Soil / Aspect