Bordeaux Flashcards Preview

WSET L3 GJR 2018 > Bordeaux > Flashcards

Flashcards in Bordeaux Deck (27):
1

How would you describe Bordeaux climate?

Moderate Maritime

2

Which Ocean Current warms Bordeaux?

The Gulf Stream

3

What are the three major and one minor Red grape varieties grown in Bordeaux?

Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet Franc
Minor - Petit Verdot

4

What are the two major and one minor White grape varieties grown in Bordeaux?

Semillon and Sauvignon Blanc
Minor - Muscadelle

5

What is the name of the original classification of the best red and white wines of The Medoc and Sauternes?.
How are wines in this classification referred?

1855 classification
Crus Classé

6

What term can be applied to wines outside the Crus Classé classification?
What condition is attached to wines having this term?

Cru Bourgeois
Only awarded to wines in a specific vintage, wines from new vintages must be submitted each year to gain classification

7

Put the following wines in order of price and quality, lowest to highest
St Emilion,
St Emilion Satellites,
St Emilion Grand Cru Classé ,
St Emilion Premier Grand Cru Classé A,
St Emilion Premier Grand Cru Classé B

St Emilion Satellites, St Emilion,
St Emilion Grand Cru Classé,
St Emilion Premier Grand Cru Classé B,
St Emilion Premier Grand Cru Classé A

8

What is the main difference between Bordeaux and Bordeaux Superior

Superior has slightly stricter appelation rules and has a higher alcohol content than plain Bordeaux

9

What is 'Clairet'?

A deeper coloured Rose wine with fuller body made by longer maceration

10

From north to south name the four leading appelations (communes' of Haut-Medoc)

Saint-Estephe, Pauillac, Saint-Julian, Margeaux

11

Name the most highly rated area in Graves

Pessac-Leognan

12

What type of soil would you expect in Haut-Medoc and Pessac-Leognan?

Gravelly

13

Name two benefits of Gravel soil

Good drainage, so doesn't hold water
Gravel soils tend to be warming, helping Cabernet Sauvignon to ripen .

14

Name the two leading appelations of the 'right bank'.

St. Emilion and Pomerol

15

Name the four regions that make up Côtes de Bordeaux

Blaye, Francs, Castillon, Cadillac

16

Where are you likely to find the very best white wines in Bordeaux?

Pessac-Leognan

17

Name the two best Sweet Wine appelations.

Sauternes and Barsac

18

Name the two main and one minor grapes used in Sweet wine production

Semillon, Sauvignan Blanc
Minor - Muscadelle

19

What is the process of 'Passerillage'?

French term for leaving grapes on the vine past normal harvest so that they dry up and concentrate their flavours

20

The climate in Bordeaux is maritime. What does that mean?

Low continentality, low diurnal, typically wet through the year

21

What is the main taste difference of Pomerol Vs Saint Emilion wine?

Pomerol tends to be richer with a spicier blackberry fruit character

22

Generally speaking what is the main difference between the soils of the left bank and the right bank?

Left bank predominately gravelly
Right bank predominately clay / limestone although there are gravelly outcrops

23

The Atlantic brings high levels of rainfall and humidity to Bordeaux, what 3 risks does this bring?

Rain can disrupt flowering and fruit set
Dampness can promote rot
Rain at harvest time can dilute flavours

24

How is Rosé wine labelled in Bordeaux?

Bordeaux Rosé or Bordeaux Clairet

25

How are the best Bordeaux reds aged?

In 225 ltr Barriques, usually a mix of new and old oak.

26

In what, and for how long, are the best sweet wines fermented and matured?

In new oak barrels for up to 3 years

27

Within the context of Bordeaux, what is unique about the classification system in St-Emilion?

It forms part of the appellation system