Flashcards in Bordeaux Deck (27):
How would you describe Bordeaux climate?
Which Ocean Current warms Bordeaux?
The Gulf Stream
What are the three major and one minor Red grape varieties grown in Bordeaux?
Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet Franc
Minor - Petit Verdot
What are the two major and one minor White grape varieties grown in Bordeaux?
Semillon and Sauvignon Blanc
Minor - Muscadelle
What is the name of the original classification of the best red and white wines of The Medoc and Sauternes?.
How are wines in this classification referred?
What term can be applied to wines outside the Crus Classé classification?
What condition is attached to wines having this term?
Only awarded to wines in a specific vintage, wines from new vintages must be submitted each year to gain classification
Put the following wines in order of price and quality, lowest to highest
St Emilion Satellites,
St Emilion Grand Cru Classé ,
St Emilion Premier Grand Cru Classé A,
St Emilion Premier Grand Cru Classé B
St Emilion Satellites, St Emilion,
St Emilion Grand Cru Classé,
St Emilion Premier Grand Cru Classé B,
St Emilion Premier Grand Cru Classé A
What is the main difference between Bordeaux and Bordeaux Superior
Superior has slightly stricter appelation rules and has a higher alcohol content than plain Bordeaux
What is 'Clairet'?
A deeper coloured Rose wine with fuller body made by longer maceration
From north to south name the four leading appelations (communes' of Haut-Medoc)
Saint-Estephe, Pauillac, Saint-Julian, Margeaux
Name the most highly rated area in Graves
What type of soil would you expect in Haut-Medoc and Pessac-Leognan?
Name two benefits of Gravel soil
Good drainage, so doesn't hold water
Gravel soils tend to be warming, helping Cabernet Sauvignon to ripen .
Name the two leading appelations of the 'right bank'.
St. Emilion and Pomerol
Name the four regions that make up Côtes de Bordeaux
Blaye, Francs, Castillon, Cadillac
Where are you likely to find the very best white wines in Bordeaux?
Name the two best Sweet Wine appelations.
Sauternes and Barsac
Name the two main and one minor grapes used in Sweet wine production
Semillon, Sauvignan Blanc
Minor - Muscadelle
What is the process of 'Passerillage'?
French term for leaving grapes on the vine past normal harvest so that they dry up and concentrate their flavours
The climate in Bordeaux is maritime. What does that mean?
Low continentality, low diurnal, typically wet through the year
What is the main taste difference of Pomerol Vs Saint Emilion wine?
Pomerol tends to be richer with a spicier blackberry fruit character
Generally speaking what is the main difference between the soils of the left bank and the right bank?
Left bank predominately gravelly
Right bank predominately clay / limestone although there are gravelly outcrops
The Atlantic brings high levels of rainfall and humidity to Bordeaux, what 3 risks does this bring?
Rain can disrupt flowering and fruit set
Dampness can promote rot
Rain at harvest time can dilute flavours
How is Rosé wine labelled in Bordeaux?
Bordeaux Rosé or Bordeaux Clairet
How are the best Bordeaux reds aged?
In 225 ltr Barriques, usually a mix of new and old oak.
In what, and for how long, are the best sweet wines fermented and matured?
In new oak barrels for up to 3 years