Burgundy incl. Beaujolais Flashcards Preview

WSET L3 GJR 2018 > Burgundy incl. Beaujolais > Flashcards

Flashcards in Burgundy incl. Beaujolais Deck (53):
1

List these 5 regions from North to South Beaujolais, Cote d'Or, Chablis, Maconnais, Cote Chalonnaise

Chablis, Cote d'Or, Cote Chalonnaise, Mâconnais, Beaujoiais

2

Which white wine does this description match? A white wine that is full bodied, with tropical fruit, peach and melon, and some oak

Pouilly-Fuisse / Saint-Veran

3

What are the key tasting notes for Chablis?

High acidity, apple and citrus aromas and minerality

4

Which is the only Grand Cru red wine in Cote de Beaune?

Aloxe-Corton

5

In Appelation hierarchy AC Gevrey Chambertin is an example of a what?

Commune / Village wine

6

In Appelation hierarchy Appelation Bourgogne Rouge Controlee is an example of a what?

Regional wine

7

In Appelation hierarchy a wine that comes from the Chambertin Vineyard is an example of a what?

Grand Cru

8

In Appelation hierarchy Appelation Beune controlee is an example of a what?

Commune / Village wine

9

Chablis Grand Cru Vineyards typically deal with the high risk of frost by? 1) Installing sprinklers 2) Being on slopes 3) Having Portland clay soils

1 and 2 only

10

Rully, Givry, Mercurey and Montagny are all communes from?

Côte Chalonnaise

11

The climate of Chablis is described as?

Cool Continental

12

The climate of Cote d'Or is described as what?

Moderate Continental

13

What is the correct order for Carbonic Maceration? 1) Whole grapes are blanketed in CO2 2) Grapes burst and fermentation by yeast continues off the skin 3) Grape cells produce Alcohol

'1,3,2'

14

The better soils in Beaujolais are?

Granite

15

What are primary tasting notes for Beaujolais and Beaujolais Nouveau?

Light body, low tannin with red berry fruit and notes of kirsch, banana and cinnamon like spice coming from carbonic maceration

16

From North to South what are the four main Crus in Beaujolais?

Moulin-a-Vent, Fleurie, Morgon and Brouilly

17

Which two Beaujolais Crus are considered the most structured?

Moulin-a-Vent and Morgon

18

Pinot Noir accounts for how much vineyard area in Burgundy?

Over a third

19

As Pinot Noir matures what flavours appear

Earth, game and mushroom

20

Where are the best Pinot Noir plantings?

In the Cote d'Or, Cotes de Nuits

21

Chardonnay accounts for how much vineyard area in Burgundy?

Nearly Half

22

What is the flavour profile of young Pinot Noir?

Red fruit flavours, high acid, low to medium tannin

23

What are the 3 main weather risks in Burgundy?

1. Spring frosts

2. Early Summer rain disrupts flowering. Late Summer rain affects harvest Plus wet conditions promote Grey Rot esp P. Noir

3. Localised Summer Hail

24

Where are basic level vineyards largely located? What are soil conditions?

Flat sites or bottom of slopes Soil is deeper than slopes and often more fertile

25

Where are Premier and Grand level vineyards largely located? What are soil conditions?

Mid slope - less risk of frost Shallower soil, less fertile (good) and better drainage

26

Where, in the Cote d'Or are the best Chardonnay plantings

In the Cote de Beaune

27

For the best Pinot Noirs, how long is ageing in the Cote de Nuits?

16~18 months in barrel with a proportion in new oak

28

What is the 'typical' flavour profile of Beaujolais?

Ripe berries and low tannins

29

Briefly what are the characteristic differences of Chardonnay from: North, Chablis Central, Cote d'Or South, Macon

North, Chablis - Lean, steely, high acid wines Central, Cote d'Or - The very best from Cote de Beaune offer fab complexity and are expressive South, Macon - Fuller bodied, riper fruited wines

30

Name things a winemaker will consider for better Chardonnay

Barrel fermentation Barrel ageing (typically 6~9 months) Allowing MLF Use of lees during maturation

31

Where are the best vineyards in Chablis located?

On slopes and South facing creating greater fruit concentration

32

How are lesser Chablis vineyards named? What is the flavour profile of these wines?

Petit Chablis Austere, green fruit and high acid

33

What are the two main 'stylistic' choices for Premier & Grand Cru winemakers in Chablis?

1. Ferment or age in Oak = Rounder texture and subtle flavours. 2. Ferment and store in Stainless Steel or concrete = Retains pure fruit flavours

34

The best Cote d'Or vineyards are on slopes, what geophysical feature provides these slopes?

The east side of the Massif Central, provides east and south east facing slopes

35

The Cote de Nuits is renowned for Pint Noir but it has one Chardonnay Premier Cru, what is it called?

Musigny

36

From North to South name the 4 key villages in Cote de Nuits

Gevrey-Chambertin, Vougeot, Vosne-Romanee, Nuits saint-Georges GVVN

37

What are the Cote de Nuits Villages and what do they produce?

Vineyards in Cote de Nuits that do not qualify for one of the famous village appellations, the 'others' Produce both red and white

38

What is Bourgogne Hautes Cotes de Nuits? What impact does their location have on wine style?

'Hautes' translates as 'high'. Located to the West and higher altitude than Cotes de Nuits. Altitude + greater exposure to winds = wine with less body.

39

What is Cotes de Beaune most renowned for producing?

Chardonnay

40

From North to South name the 7 key villages in Cote de Beaune

Aloxe-Corton,

Beaune, Pommard,      BP

Volnay, Meursault,       VM 

Puligny-Montrachat, Chassagne-Montrachat     PC

41

What are the three villages, in Cote de Beaune with the highest reputation for their white wines?

Meursault, Puligny-Montrachat, Chassagne-Montrachat (share the Grand Cru of Montrachat)

42

What are the Cote de Beaune Villages and what do they produce?

Vineyards in Cote de Beaune that do not qualify for one of the famous village appellations, the 'others' Produce both red only

43

What is Bourgogne Hautes Cotes de Beaune? What impact does their location have on wine style?

'Hautes' translates as 'high'. Located to the West and higher altitude than Cotes de Beaune. Altitude + greater exposure to winds = wine with less body.

44

What grapes are grown in the Cote Chalonnaise?

Both Pinot Noir & Chardonnay

45

Give two reasons Cote Chalonnaise is 'inferior' to Cote de Beaune to the North? How does this affect the type of wine produced?

1. On hillsides but less easterly 2. Higher altitude Means later harvest and often unreliable producing lighter wines that mature earlier.

46

What is Bourgogne Cote Chalonnaise?

A regional appellation producing both red and white wines

47

What is the most widely planted grape in Maconnais?

Chardonnay

48

Generally what are the style of white wines from Macon

Fresh apple, citrus fruit, medium acid and medium body possibly with some creaminess from MLF

49

What are the two most famous villages in the Maconnais region?

Pouilly-Fuisse and Saint-Veran

50

What climate aspects help Pouilly-Fuisse and Saint-Veran stand out?

Planted on limestone slopes with east and south-east facing slopes. The slopes act as natural suntraps helping produce some of the richest and ripest Chardonnays in Burgundy. Ripe tropical and stone fruits often with toasty oak flavours

51

Working from North to South list the key appellations of Côte Chalonnaise

Rully Mercurey Givry Montagny

52

Working North to South what are the two most respected appellations of the Mâconnais?

Pouilly-Fuissé Saint-Véran

53

List the 4 Human factors of Wine

Grape Growing

Wine Making

Maturation

Market Forces