Unit 12 Flashcards Preview

A.P. Psyche > Unit 12 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 12 Deck (24):
1

psychological disorder

deviant, distressful, and dysfunctional patterns of thoughts, feelings, or behaviors

2

attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder

a psychological disorder marked by the appearance by age 7 of one or more of three key symptoms: extreme inattention, hyperactivity, impulsivity

3

medical model

the concept that diseases, in this case psychological disorders, have physical causes that can be diagnosed, treated, and in most cases, cured, often through hospital treatment

4

DSM-IV-TR

the American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Used to classify mental disorders

5

anxiety disorders

psychological disorders characterized by distressing, persistent anxiety or maladaptive behaviors that reduce anxiety

6

generalized anxiety disorder

an anxiety disorder in which a person is continually tense, apprehensive, and in a state of autonomic nervous arousal

7

panic disorder

an anxiety disorder marked by unpredictable minutes-long episodes of intense dread in which a person experiences terror and accompanying chest pain, choking, or other frightening sensations

8

phobia

an anxiety disorder marked by a persistent, irrational fear and avoidance of a specific object, activity, or situation

9

obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)

an anxiety disorder characterized by unwanted repetitive thoughts (obsessions) and / or actions (compulsions)

10

post-tramautic stress disorder (PTSD)

an anxiety disorder characterized by haunting memories, nightmares, social withdrawal, jumpy anxiety, and / or insomnia that lingers for four weeks or more after a traumatic experience

11

post-traumatic growth

positive psychological changes as a result of struggling with extremely challenging circumstances and life crises

12

somatoform disorder

psychological disorder in which the symptoms take a somatic (bodily) form without apparent physical cause

13

conversion disorder

a rare somatoform disorder in which a person experiences very specific genuine physical symptoms for which no physiological basis can be found.

14

hypochondriasis

a somatoform disorder in which a person interprets normal physical sensations as symptoms of a diseases

15

dissociative disorders

disorders in which consciousness awareness becomes separated (dissociated) from previous memories, thoughts, and feelings

16

dissociative identity disorder (DID)

a rare dissociative disorder in which a person exhibits two or more distinct and alternating personalities. Formerly called multiple personality disorders

17

mood disorders

psychological disorders characterized by emotional extremes

18

major depressive disorder

a mood disorder in which a person experiences, in the absence of drugs or a medical condition, two or more weeks of a significantly depressed moods, feelings of worthlessness, and diminished interest or pleasure in most activities

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mania

a mood disorder marked by a hyperactive, wildly optimistic state

20

bipolar disorder

a mood disorder in which the person alternates between the hopelessness and lethargy of depression and the overexcited state of mania

21

schizophrenia

a group of severe disorders characterized by disorganized and delusional thinking, disturbed perceptions, and inappropriate emotions and actions

22

delusions

false beliefs of persecution or grandeur, that may accompany psychotic disorders

23

personality disorders

psychological disorders characterized by inflexible and enduring behavior patterns that impair social functioning

24

antisocial personality disorder

a personality disorder in which the person (usually a man) exhibits a lack of conscience for wrongdoing, even towards friends and family members.