Unit 1 and 2 Flashcards Preview

A.P. Psyche > Unit 1 and 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 1 and 2 Deck (24):
1

Empiricism

the view that knowledge originated in experience and that science should, therefore rely on observation and experimentation

2

Structuralism

an early school of psychology that used introspection to explore the structural elements of the human mind

3

Functionalism

a school of psychology that focused on how our mental and behavioral processes help us adapt

4

Experimental Psychology

the study of behavior and thinking using experimental methods

5

behaviorism

the view that psychology should be an objective science that studies behavior without reference to mental processes

6

humanistic psychology

historically significant perspective that emphasized the growth potential of healthy people and the individuals potential for personal growth

7

Cognitive neuropsychology

the interdisciplinary study of the brain activity linked with cognition

8

evolutionary psychology

study of the roots of behavior and mental processes

9

psychodynamic psychology

branch of psychology that studies how unconscious drives and conflicts can influence behavior, and uses that information to treat people.

10

behavioral psychology

scientific study of observable behavior, and its explanation by principles of learning

11

cognitive psychology

scientific study of all mental activities associated with knowing, thinking, remembering, and communicating

12

social-cultural psychology

study of how situations and cultures affect our behavior and thinking

13

psychometrics

scientific study of the measurement of human abilities, attitudes, and traits

14

developmental psychology

scientific study of physical, cognitive, and social change throughout a lifespan

15

educational psychology

study of how psychological processes can affect and enhance teaching and learning

16

personality psychology

study of an individuals characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting

17

social psychology

study of how we influence, think about and relate to one another

18

psychiatry

branch of medicine dealing with psychological disorders, practice by physicians who provide medical and therapeutic treatments

19

hind sight bias

the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one would have foreseen it

20

illusory correlation

perception of a non existent relationship

21

informed consent

participants are told enough about the experiment to decide whether or not they want to partake

22

debriefing

post experimental explanation of the study to the participants.

23

socrates and plato believed mind an body were....

separate

24

aristotle believed mind and body were....

together