Who’s who Flashcards Preview

A.P. Psyche > Who’s who > Flashcards

Flashcards in Who’s who Deck (62):
1

Paul Broca

Broca’s Area; responsible for articulated language. studied aphasia

2

Charles Darwin

evolution

3

Michael Gazzaniga

split brain research

4

roger sperry

split brain research. nature vs. nurture

5

Carl Wernicke

wernicke’s area; responsible for speech and language

6

Alfred Kinsey

researched human sexuality

7

Abraham Maslow

hierarchy of needs

8

William James

James-Lange Theory; physical response happens prior to mental response

9

Stanley Schacter

Two Factor Theory; physiological arousal and cognitive labels

10

Hans Seyle

Why do organisms respond to certain stressors

11

Albert Bandura

Bobo doll guy. Children learn by imitating actions that are rewarded or punished. Antisocial models have antisocial effects. Prosocial models have prosocial effects

12

John Garcia

Conditioned taste aversions.

13

Ivan Pavlov

Doges. Father or classical Conditioning

14

Robert Rescorla

Co-creator of the Rescorla-Wagner model of conditioning

15

B.F. Skinner

Father of Operant Conditioning. Used reward system to train animals

16

Edward Thorndike

Reinforcement is stronger than punishment in motivation

17

Edward Tolman

Behavioral Psychology

18

John B. Watson

Used principals of classical conditioning for advertisement. Father of the coffee break.

19

Noam Chomsky

Universal Grammar Theory. language is inherent

20

Hermann Ebbinghaus

"Learning Curve", Spacing Effect. Studied memory

21

Wolfgang Koehler

studied Gestalt psychology

22

Elizabeth Loftus

showed that people can create their own memories when they can't remember everything

23

George A. Miller

One of the founders of cognitive psychology. Contributed to Psycholinguistics

24

Alfred Kinsey

Kinsey Scale. An alleged way to test sexuality

25

Abraham Maslow

Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs

26

William James

James-Lange Theory. Physical response happens before mental response

27

Stanley Schachter

Two Factor Theory of Emotion. Physiological Arousal, then cognitive label

28

Hans Selye

Why do organisms respond differently to stressors?

29

Alfred Binet

Created the first practical intelligence test for the Paris Educational System

30

Francis Galton

Intelligence is Hereditary, Nature v. Nurture

31

Howard Gardner

Multiple Intelligences. LLMSBIIN. Linguistic, Logical Mathematical, Musical, Spatial, Bodily Kinesthetic, Intrapersonal, Interpersonal, Naturalist

32

Charles Spearman

"g". General Intelligence

33

Robert Sternberg

Three Intelligences: Analytical, Creative, Practical.

34

Louis Terman

"Stanford-Binet" Test. An Americanized version of the Binet Test

35

David Wechsler

(WAIS) The Wechsler Adult intelligence scale. Also the WAIC, The Wechsler children intelligence scale, used to adjust educational curriculums for mentally disadvantaged kids.

36

Gustav Fechner

optical illusions

37

David Hubel / Torsten Weisel

Nobel prize winners for research of vision / perspective.

38

Ernst Weber

Just Noticeable Difference

39

Ernest Hilgard

famous for use of medicinal hypnosis

40

Mary Ainsworth

insecure v secure attachment

41

Diana Baumrind

categorized the different parenting styles

42

Erik Erikson

stages of psychological development

43

Carol Gilligan

advocated the feminist perspective over the male, which dominates society

44

Harry Harlow

wire / cloth monkey mother. babies need comfort for mother

45

Alfred Adler

“inferiority complex"

46

Paul Costa / Robert McCrae

C.A.N.O.E. conscientiousness, agreeableness, neuroticism, openness, extraversion

47

Sigmund Freud

psychodynamic perspective

48

Carl Jung

“common reservoir” of collective unconsciousness

49

Carl Rogers

Humanistic Psychology. Unconditional positive regard

50

Lawrence Kohlberg

stages of moral development

51

Konrad Lorenz

different forms of attachment

52

Jean Piaget

children don't know conservation of mass, are egocentric, and understand basic laws of physics

53

Lev Vygotsky

children learn through social environments

54

Solomon Asch

studied peer pressure effects

55

Leon Festinger

cognitive dissonance

56

Stanley Milgram

teacher / learner shock experiment

57

Philip Zimbardo

studied social roles

58

aaron beck

father of cognitive therapy

59

Dorothea Dix

created first generation mental asylums / treatment facilities

60

Albert Ellis

created rational emotive behavior therapy

61

Mary Cover Jones

developed technique of desensitization

62

Joseph Wolpe

PTSD