Unit 11 Flashcards Preview

A.P. Psyche > Unit 11 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 11 Deck (29):
1

intelligence test

a method for assessing an individual’s aptitudes and comparing them with those of others, using numerical scores.

2

intelligence

mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from experience, solve problems, and use knowledge to adapt to new situations.

3

general intelligence (g)

a general intelligence factor that, according to Spearman and other, underlies specific mental abilities and is therefore measured by every task on an intelligence test.

4

factor analysis

a statistical procedure that identifies clusters of related items on a test; used to identify different dimensions of performance that underlie a person’s total score.

5

savant syndrome

a condition in which a person otherwise limited in mental ability has an exceptional specific skill, such as in computation or in drawing.

6

emotional intelligence

the ability to perceive, understand, manage, and use emotions.

7

mental age

a measure of intelligence test performance devised by Binet; the chronological age that met typically corresponds to a given level of performance.

8

Stanford-Binet

the widely used American revision of Binet’s original intelligence test. Create by Terman at Stanford University

9

intelligence quotient (IQ)

defined originally as the ratio of mental age to chronological age multiplied by 100.

10

achievement tests

tests designed to assess what a person has learned

11

aptitude tests

tests designed to predict a person’s future performance. aptitude = the capacity to learn

12

Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS)

most widely used intelligence test; contains verbal and performance (nonverbal) subtests.

13

standardization

defining meaningful scores by comparison with the performance of a pretested group`

14

normal curve

the symmetrical bell shaped curve that describes the distribution of many physical and physiological attributes. Most scores fall near the average, and fewer and fewer scores lie near the extremes.

15

reliability

the extent to which a test yields consistent result, as assessed by the consistency of scores on two halves of the test, or on retesting

16

validity

the extent to which a test measures or predicts what it s supped to

17

content validity

the extent to which a test samples the behavior that is of interest

18

predictive validity

the success with which a test predicts the behavior it is designed to predict; it is assessed by computing the correlation between test scores and the criterion behavior.

19

intellectual disability

(retarded) a condition of limited mental ability, indicated by an intelligence score of 70 or below and difficulty in adapting to the demands of life

20

down syndrome

a condition of intellectual disability and associated physical disorders cause by an extra copy of chromosome 21

21

stereotype threat

a self-confirming concern that one will be evaluated based on a negative stereotype

22

Alfred Binet

Created the first practical intelligence test

23

Francis Galton

Intelligence = hereditary. “nature vs. nurture"

24

Howard Gardner

Multiple Intelligences. LLMSBIIN

25

Charles Spearman

“g” General Intelligence. People who are good at one thing tend to be good at other things

26

Robert Sternberg

Three intelligences. Analytical, Creative, Practical

27

Louis Terman

Created the “Stanford-Binet Test”. An Americanized version of the Binet Test

28

David Wechsler

Develop the Weschsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS), and later the WAIC. WAIC used to change teaching curriculums for children with mental disadvantages.

29

how to find out IQ score

(mental age / chronological age)100