Flashcards in Unit 11 Deck (29):
a method for assessing an individual’s aptitudes and comparing them with those of others, using numerical scores.
mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from experience, solve problems, and use knowledge to adapt to new situations.
general intelligence (g)
a general intelligence factor that, according to Spearman and other, underlies specific mental abilities and is therefore measured by every task on an intelligence test.
a statistical procedure that identifies clusters of related items on a test; used to identify different dimensions of performance that underlie a person’s total score.
a condition in which a person otherwise limited in mental ability has an exceptional specific skill, such as in computation or in drawing.
the ability to perceive, understand, manage, and use emotions.
a measure of intelligence test performance devised by Binet; the chronological age that met typically corresponds to a given level of performance.
the widely used American revision of Binet’s original intelligence test. Create by Terman at Stanford University
intelligence quotient (IQ)
defined originally as the ratio of mental age to chronological age multiplied by 100.
tests designed to assess what a person has learned
tests designed to predict a person’s future performance. aptitude = the capacity to learn
Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS)
most widely used intelligence test; contains verbal and performance (nonverbal) subtests.
defining meaningful scores by comparison with the performance of a pretested group`
the symmetrical bell shaped curve that describes the distribution of many physical and physiological attributes. Most scores fall near the average, and fewer and fewer scores lie near the extremes.
the extent to which a test yields consistent result, as assessed by the consistency of scores on two halves of the test, or on retesting
the extent to which a test measures or predicts what it s supped to
the extent to which a test samples the behavior that is of interest
the success with which a test predicts the behavior it is designed to predict; it is assessed by computing the correlation between test scores and the criterion behavior.
(retarded) a condition of limited mental ability, indicated by an intelligence score of 70 or below and difficulty in adapting to the demands of life
a condition of intellectual disability and associated physical disorders cause by an extra copy of chromosome 21
a self-confirming concern that one will be evaluated based on a negative stereotype
Created the first practical intelligence test
Intelligence = hereditary. “nature vs. nurture"
Multiple Intelligences. LLMSBIIN
“g” General Intelligence. People who are good at one thing tend to be good at other things
Three intelligences. Analytical, Creative, Practical
Created the “Stanford-Binet Test”. An Americanized version of the Binet Test
Develop the Weschsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS), and later the WAIC. WAIC used to change teaching curriculums for children with mental disadvantages.