Unit 10 Flashcards Preview

A.P. Psyche > Unit 10 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 10 Deck (27):
1

free association

psychoanalysis tactic. person relaxes and says whatever comes to mind. used to explore subconscious

2

psychoanalysis

freuds theory of personality. Thoughts and actions based off of unconscious motives and conflicts. Psychoanalysis is also used to treat psychological disorders by exposing unconscious tensions.

3

unconscious

reservoir of mostly unacceptable thoughts, wishes, feelings, and memories. information processing we’re not aware of

4

id

internal psychic energy. strives to satisfy basic sexual / aggressive drives. Operates on the “pleasure principal”, demand immediate gratification.

5

ego

“executive” internal conscious that mediates the demands of the id, superego, and reality. operates on the “reality principle”.

6

superego

part of the personality that represents internalized ideals and provides standard judgement, for future aspirations

7

psychosexual stages

oral, anal, phallic, latency, genital. childhood stages of development during which the id’s pleasure-seeking energies focus on distinct erogenous zones

8

Oedipus Complex

boy’s sexual desires toward his mother and his hatred toward his father

9

identification

process by which children incorporate their parents’ values into their developing superegos

10

fixation

lingering focus of pleasure-seeking energies at an earlier psychosexual stage, in which conflicts are unresolved

11

defense mechanism

the ego’s protective methods of reducing anxiety by unconsciously distorting reality

12

repression

defense mechanism. banishes anxiety-arousing thoughts, feelings, and memories from consciousness

13

regression

defense mechanism. individual faced with anxiety retreats to a more infantile psychosexual stage, where some psychic energy remains fixated

14

reaction formation

defense mechanism. the ego unconsciously switches unacceptable impulses into their opposite impulses.

15

projection

defense mechanism. people disguise their own threatening impulses by attributing them to others.

16

rationalization

defense mechanism. self-justifying explanations in place of the real, more threatening, unconscious reasons for one’s actions

17

displacement

defense mechanism. shifts sexual / aggressive impulses toward a more acceptable or less threatening person. Redirecting anger toward a safer outlet.

18

sublimation

defense mechanism. people re-channel unacceptable impulses into their socially approved activities.

19

denial

defense mechanism. people refuse to believe or perceive painful realities.

20

collective unconsciousness

Carl Jung’s concept of a shared, inherited reservoir of memory traces from our specie’s history.

21

projective test

personality test providing ambiguous stimuli designed to trigger projection of one’s inner dynamics

22

Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)

projective test in which people express their inner feelings and interests through stories they make up about ambiguous scenes

23

Rorschach Test

set of 10 inkblots seeking to identify people’s inner feelings by analyzing their interpretations

24

terror-management theory

a theory of death-related anxiety; explores people’s emotional and behavioral responses to reminders of their impending death.

25

self-actualization

after physiological / psychological needs are met, the need to reach one’s full potential

26

unconditional positive regards

an attitude of total acceptance toward another person

27

self-concept

thoughts and feelings about ourselves