Flashcards in Unit 10 Deck (27):
psychoanalysis tactic. person relaxes and says whatever comes to mind. used to explore subconscious
freuds theory of personality. Thoughts and actions based off of unconscious motives and conflicts. Psychoanalysis is also used to treat psychological disorders by exposing unconscious tensions.
reservoir of mostly unacceptable thoughts, wishes, feelings, and memories. information processing we’re not aware of
internal psychic energy. strives to satisfy basic sexual / aggressive drives. Operates on the “pleasure principal”, demand immediate gratification.
“executive” internal conscious that mediates the demands of the id, superego, and reality. operates on the “reality principle”.
part of the personality that represents internalized ideals and provides standard judgement, for future aspirations
oral, anal, phallic, latency, genital. childhood stages of development during which the id’s pleasure-seeking energies focus on distinct erogenous zones
boy’s sexual desires toward his mother and his hatred toward his father
process by which children incorporate their parents’ values into their developing superegos
lingering focus of pleasure-seeking energies at an earlier psychosexual stage, in which conflicts are unresolved
the ego’s protective methods of reducing anxiety by unconsciously distorting reality
defense mechanism. banishes anxiety-arousing thoughts, feelings, and memories from consciousness
defense mechanism. individual faced with anxiety retreats to a more infantile psychosexual stage, where some psychic energy remains fixated
defense mechanism. the ego unconsciously switches unacceptable impulses into their opposite impulses.
defense mechanism. people disguise their own threatening impulses by attributing them to others.
defense mechanism. self-justifying explanations in place of the real, more threatening, unconscious reasons for one’s actions
defense mechanism. shifts sexual / aggressive impulses toward a more acceptable or less threatening person. Redirecting anger toward a safer outlet.
defense mechanism. people re-channel unacceptable impulses into their socially approved activities.
defense mechanism. people refuse to believe or perceive painful realities.
Carl Jung’s concept of a shared, inherited reservoir of memory traces from our specie’s history.
personality test providing ambiguous stimuli designed to trigger projection of one’s inner dynamics
Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)
projective test in which people express their inner feelings and interests through stories they make up about ambiguous scenes
set of 10 inkblots seeking to identify people’s inner feelings by analyzing their interpretations
a theory of death-related anxiety; explores people’s emotional and behavioral responses to reminders of their impending death.
after physiological / psychological needs are met, the need to reach one’s full potential
unconditional positive regards
an attitude of total acceptance toward another person