Unit 9 Flashcards Preview

A.P. Psyche > Unit 9 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 9 Deck (23):
1

order of baby development

zygote, embryo, fetus

2

teratogens

agents, chemicals, viruses, that can harm the fetus

3

fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS)

babies getting fucked up by alcohol

4

habituation

decreasing responsiveness with repeated stimulation.

5

maturation

biological growth processes that enable orderly changes in behavior, relatively uninfluenced by experience

6

schema

a concept or framework that organizes and interprets information

7

assimilation

interpreting our new experiences of our existing schemas

8

accommodation

adapting our current schemas to incorporated new information

9

sensorimotor stage

in Piaget’s theory, the stage (from birth to 2) during which infants know the world mostly in terms of their sensory impressions and motor activities

10

object permanence

the awareness that things continue to exist even when not perceived

11

preoperational stage

in Piaget’s theory, the stage during which a child learns to use language but does not yet comprehend the logic

12

conservation

the principle that properties such as mass, volume, and number remain the same despite changes in the form of objects

13

egocentrism

when children have trouble switching perspectives to other beings

14

concrete operational stage

in Piaget’s theory, the stage of cognitive development during which children gain the mental operations that enable them to think logically about concrete events

15

formal operational stage

in Piaget’s theory, the stage of cognitive development during which people begin to think logically

16

attachment

an emotional tie with another person: shown in young children by their seeking closeness to the caregiver and showing distress on separation.

17

critical period

an optimal period shortly after birth when an organism’s exposure to certain stimuli or experiences produces proper development

18

imprinting

the process by which certain animals form attachment during a critical period very early in life.

19

Pre conventional Morality

(age 9) self-interest. obeying rules to avoid punishment or to gain concrete rewards

20

Conventional Morality

By early adolescence, focuses on caring for others and upholding laws and social rules

21

Post conventional Morality

actions based on self-defined principles, and the perceived rights of people

22

identity

our sense of self; according to Erikson, the adolescent’s task is to solidify a sense of self by testing and integrating various roles

23

social identity

the “we” aspect of our self-concept