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Flashcards in Virus CIS Deck (41)
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31

spread of rubeola virus

resp droplets

32

3 C of rubeola

measles

cough, coryza, conjunctivitis

33

how long measles infectious

4 days prior to rash until 4 days after onset of rash

34

complications of measles

diarrhea, otitis media, pneumonia

postinfection encephalomyelitis

subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (severe) - years after measles - fatal

35

measles prevention

MMR vaccine

36

16yo M, fever, HA, malaise, facial swelling 3 days, pain in testicles, swollen/tender

mumps

parotitis
aseptic meningitis
orchitis

37

mumps transmission

droplet spread - upper resp secretions

38

55yo M nurse, fever, chills, myalgia, HA, T 100, Sx progress weakness, HA, confusion, SOB, N/V/D, rash, petichiae on legs, liver enzymes elevated, prolonged PT and PTT, fibrin degradation products, multiorgan failure, death

DIC - long PT, PTT, fibrin degradation products

ebola

39

ebola

single-strand RNA virus
-hemorrhagic fever virus

coag defect, cap leak syndrome, shock

begins non-specific flu sx

tx - supportive
-experimental - ZMapp - monoclonal Abs for ebola viral glycoprotein

40

4yo M dyspnea, fever, runny nose, sneezy, cough body aches, severe SOB last couple days, hypoxic, expiratory wheezing, CXR b/l interstitial infiltrates, tx goes home, 2 weeks later flaccid paralysis of lower extremities

DDx - polio, guillane barre, botulism

anterior myelitis on MRI - polio

enterovirus D68

41

SARS

coronarvirus
-birds, small mammals

fever, flu, dry cough, dyspnea, far east or toronto

mortality 50%