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Flashcards in (14) CV1 SLO Deck (42):
1

Aliskiren can’t be used in diabetics along with ARBs/ACEI due to risk of _?_
A. Hypotension
B. Kidney failure
C. Hyperkalemia
D. None of the listed answers is correct
E. All of the listed answers are correct

All of the listed answers are correct

2

Direct Renin Inhbibitors (DRIs), Angiotensin Receptor Blockers (ARBs) and Angiotensin Coverting Enzyme Inhibitors (ACEIs) have a boxed warning regarding __?__
A. Rebound hypertension
B. Suicide
C. Blood dyscrasias
D. Fetotoxicity
E. Angina

Fetotoxicity

3

Which of following was developed based on work done in Brazil on the spit of the Brazilian Pit Viper?
A. Benazepril
B. Lotrel
C. Captopril
D. Methyldopa
E. Enalapril

Captopril

4

Which of the following is a beta 1 selective beta-blocker for HTN, MI, and angina?
A. Amlodipine
B. Atenolol
C. Doxazosin
D. Albuterol
E. Furosemide

Atenolol

5

Which of the following is a beta blocker indicated for HTN, angina, migraine, anxiety, hypertrophic aortic stenosis?
A. Fenoldopam
B. Lotrel
C. Propranolol
D. Losartan
E. Albuterol

Propranolol

6

Which of the following is a CCB indicated as a PO anti HTN and anti anginal?
A. Benazepril
B. Amlodipine
C. Captopril
D. Valsartan
E. Doxazosin

Amlodipine

7

Which of the following is a CCB indicated for HTN and angina available in PO and parenteral formulations? It may be used off label for arrhythmias.
A. Captopril
B. Diovan
C. Doxazosin
D. Furosemide
E. Diltiazem

Diltiazem

8

Which of the following is a CCB indicated PO for HTN and IV for the rapid conversion of atrial tachycardias?
A. Lotensin
B. Verapamil
C. Inderal
D. Vasotec
E. Valsartan

Verapamil

9

Which of the following is a loop diuretic indicated for edema associated with severe HTN, HF including congestive HF, renal insufficiency, etc.
A. Hydralazine (Apresoline)
B. Furosemide (Lasix)
C. Hydrochlorothiazide (Esidrix)
D. Amlodipine (Norvasc)
E. Spironolactone (Aldactone)

Furosemide (Lasix)

10

Which of the following is a potassium sparing diuretic indicated for moderate HTN, congestive HF and edema caused by other conditions?
A. Hyzaar
B. Furosemide
C. Hydralazine
D. Hydrochlorothiazide
E. Spironolactone

Spironolactone

11

Which of the following is a vasodilator indicated IV to immediately drop BP, and to induce hypotension during surgery to reduce blood loss? It may cause cyanide poisoning.
A. Nitroprusside
B. Fenoldopam
C. Hydralazine
D. Nitrofurantoin
E. Labetalol

Nitroprusside

12

Which of the following is a vasodilator indicated PO for mild to moderate HTN and IV for severe HTN?
A. Labetalol
B. Hydralazine
C. Nitrofurantoin
D. Fenoldopam
E. Nitroprusside

Hydralazine

13

Which of the following is Aldomet, a dopamine agonist indicated for HTN?
A. Amlodipine
B. Clonidine
C. Methyldopa
D. Propranolol
E. Fenoldopam

Methyldopa

14

Which of the following is an alpha 1 blocker indicated for HTN and BPH?
A. Catapres
B. Valsartan
C. Captopril
D. Amlodipine
E. Doxazosin

Doxazosin

15

Which of the following is Avapro, an ARB indicated for HTN and diabetic nephropathy?
A. Methyldopa
B. Atenolol
C. Irbesartan
D. Verapamil
E. Benazepril

Irbesartan

16

Which of the following is Catapres, an a 2 agonist indicated for HTN & as an adjunct for pain?
A. Clonidine
B. Methyldopa
C. Fenoldopam
D. Amlodipine
E. Propranolol

Clonidine

17

Which of the following is Corlopam, indicated for short-term (up to 48 hours in adults and 4 hours in kids) management of HTN?
A. Fenoldopam
B. Catapres
C. Lotensin
D. Cozaar
E. Clonidine

Fenoldopam

18

Which of the following is Cozaar, an ARB indicated for HTN, HF, and MI?
A. Hyzaar
B. Losartan
C. Lotrel
D. Labetalol
E. Inderide

Losartan

19

Which of the following is Lotensin, an ACEI?
A. Amlodipine
B. Irbesartan
C. Losartan
D. Benazepril
E. Clonidine

Benazepril

20

Which of the following is the best selling beta 1 selective beta-blocker in the world indicated for HTN, MI, angina, congestive HF?
A. Diltiazem
B. Atenolol
C. Albuterol
D. Metoprolol
E. Propranolol

Metoprolol

21

Which of the following is the trade name for the combination antihypertensive drug, amlodipine with benazepril?
A. Symbicort
B. Lotrel
C. Inderal
D. Inderide
E. Hyzaar

Lotrel

22

Which of the following is the trade name for the combination antihypertensive drug, losartan with hydrochlorothiazide?
A. Inderal
B. Lotrel
C. Hyzaar
D. Cozaar
E. Lotensin

Hyzaar

23

Which of the following is the trade name for the combination antihypertensive drug, propranolol with hydrochlorothiazide?
A. Inderide
B. Cozaar
C. Lotrel
D. Hyzaar
E. Inderal

Inderide

24

Which of the following is Vasotec, an ACEI indicated for HTN, HF, Left ventricular dysfunction after MI and diabetic nephropathy?
A. Verapamil
B. Methyldopa
C. Irbesartan
D. Hydralazine
E. Enalapril

Enalapril

25

Which of these is a thiazide diuretic indicated for mild to moderate HTN and other conditions causing edema?
A. Hydralazine
B. Furosemide (Lasix)
C. Hydrochlorothiazide (Esidrix)
D. Spironolactone (Aldactone)
E. Atenolol (Tenormin)

Hydrochlorothiazide (Esidrix)

26

Which of these is Capoten, an ACEI indicated for HTN, HF, Left ventricular dysfunction after MI and diabetic nephropathy, but which may cause blood dyscrasias?
A. Methyldopa
B. Enalapril
C. Benazepril
D. Lotrel
E. Captopril

Captopril

27

Which of these is Diovan, an ARB for HTN, diabetic nephropathy and left ventricular hypertrophy?
A. Hyzaar
B. Furosemide
C. Valsartan
D. Vasotec
E. Verapamil

Valsartan

28

__?__ are associated with a withdrawal syndrome. They may cause bronchospasm, and bradycardia. They may mask the signs and symptoms of hypoglycemia and hyperthyroidism.
A. Beta blockers
B. Potassium sparing diuretics
C. Loop diuretics
D. Alpha 1 blockers
E. Thiazide diuretics

Beta blockers

29

__?__ are associated with hearing loss (if injected rapidly), hypokalemia, dehydration, alterations in vision, as well as increases in blood glucose and uric acid levels.
A. All diuretics
B. Potassium-sparing diuretics such as spironolactone
C. Loop diuretics like furosemide
D. Only orally administered diuretics
E. Thiazide diuretics including hydrochlorothiazide

Loop diuretics like furosemide

30

__?__ are associated with hypokalemia, hypotension, and increases in blood glucose, cholesterol, triglycerides, calcium and uric acid levels.
A. Only Potassium-sparing diuretics
B. Only Loop diuretics
C. Thiazide and Potassium-sparing diuretics
D. Only Thiazide diuretics
E. Loop diuretics and thiazide diuretics

Loop diuretics and thiazide diuretics

31

__?__ are associated with rash, dysgeusia, tachycardia, angina, palpitations and proteinurea along with hypotension, hyperkalemia, dry cough and angioedema. They are fetotoxic.
A. Diuretics
B. Beta blockers
C. ACEI
D. Alpha 1 blockers
E. Calcium channel blockers

ACEI

32

__?__ has a discontinuation syndrome (a hypertensive crisis) that can be treated by restarting the drug.
A. Captopril
B. Clonidine
C. Verapamil
D. Valsartan
E. Propranolol

Clonidine

33

__?__ is associated with gingival hyperplasia.
A. Irbesartan
B. Fenoldopam
C. Diltiazem
D. Captopril
E. Doxazosin

Diltiazem

34

__?__ may cause a lupus-like syndrome.
A. Hydralazine
B. Captopril
C. Nitroprusside
D. Diltiazem
E. Doxazosin

Hydralazine

35

__?__ may cause a precipitous drop in blood pressure and/or cyanosis.
A. Doxazosin
B. Captopril
C. Hydralazine
D. Diltiazem
E. Nitroprusside

Nitroprusside

36

__?__ triggers reflex tachycardia and increased intraocular pressure. It can only be used for a short period of time.
A. Fenoldopam
B. Irbesartan
C. Captopril
D. Diltiazem
E. Doxazosin

Fenoldopam

37

__?__ are associated with 1st dose syncope and priapism.
A. Diuretics
B. ACEIs
C. Alpha 1 blockers
D. Beta blockers
E. ARBs

Alpha 1 blockers

38

__?__ are associated with significant orthostatic hypotension and angioedema, as well as fetotoxicity. Hyperkalemia is possible.
A. Calcium channel blockers
B. Diuretics
C. Beta blockers
D. Alpha 1 blockers
E. ARBs

ARBs

39

__?__ is fetotoxic in the 2nd and 3rd trimester.
A. DRIs
B. ARBs
C. ACEI
D. All of the above
E. None of the above

All of the above

40

__?__ will precipitate out of solution if combined with Diltiazem, Cipro, Amrinone, Labetalol or Milrinone.
A. Metoprolol
B. Furosemide
C. Amlodipine
D. Clonidine
E. Valsartan

Furosemide

41

__?__, like spironolactone, are associated with hyperkalemia, arrhythmias, dehydration, electrolyte imbalances, and gastric bleeding. They also cause anorexia, nausea, vomiting and GI cramps. They are associated with ataxia, mental confusion and lethargy. In males, they can cause gynecomastia and in women, amenorrhea.
A. Loop diuretics
B. Potassium sparing diuretics
C. Thiazide diuretics
D. Antiarrhythmics
E. Calcium Channel Blockers

Potassium sparing diuretics

42

__?__ are associated with headache and edema. Some, like diltiazem and verapamil, cause gingival hyperplasia.
A. Alpha 1 blockers
B. ARBs
C. Beta blockers
D. ACEI
E. Calcium channel blockers

Calcium channel blockers