2nd Quarter- ANATOMY 2 Exam 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 2nd Quarter- ANATOMY 2 Exam 1 Deck (71):
1

when you decrease the angle between the body parts
UPWARD
TO BRING TO
TO SHOW OR FLEX YOUR MUSCLES

flexion

2

to increase the angle between two body parts.

LEG OUTWARD
RAISING HEAD UP TOWARD SKY

extension

3

move a body part away from the medium plane.
DOING JUMPING JACKS
ABDUCT A CHILD AWAY FROM THEIR PARENTS

abduction

4

to move a body part toward the medium plane.
BRINGING SOMETHING CLOSER IN

aduction

5

to turn the palm of the hand posteriorly (out of anatomical position). pour soup out

pronation

6

to turn anteriorly (back to anatomical position). hold soup up

supination

7

- to turn outward or inside out

eversion

8

to draw inward or outside in.
MOST TIME THIS IS HOW YOU WILL TWIST YOUR ANKLE

inversion

9

the feet are initially positioned how?

inverted

10

movement such that the distal end of a bone describes a circle and the shaft describes a cone.

THIRD BASE COACH AS HE WAVES IN A RUNNER FROM SECOND BASE TO TRY TO SCORE A RUN

circumduction

11

- to close

constriction

12

muscle that expands an organ, vessel, or orifice

dilator

13

are called sphincter and all will constrict.

circular shaped muscle

14

to raise a particular body part.

elevation

15

circular shaped

orbicularis, sphincter muscles

16

sternoclavicular articulation and mastoid process of the temporal bone.

Sternocleidomastoid

17

to lower a body part

depresssion

18

Turning a bone about its long axis. Shaking head no. [This muscle action has no antagonistic muscle action, but rather refers to the turning of a bone about its long axis, as when you shake your head no.]

rotation

19

- triangular

deltoid
(DELTA)

20

- thin and flat

platysma

21

four-sided

quadratus

22

large

vastus

23

four sided diamond

trapezius

24

straight

rectus
(ERECT)

25

occipital bone and frontal bone

Occipitofrontalis

26

may be used to designate “divisions”

ceps

27

between the ribs

intercostal

28

facial cheeks

buccinator

29

circular-shaped muscle of the mouth

orbicularis oris

30

circular-shaped muscle of the eye

orbicularis oculi

31

superficial vs deep

The muscles of facial expression lie superficially in relationship to the muscles of mastication, which lie deep.

32

muscles of the arm, between shoulders to elbow

brachii

33

– muscles of the thigh, between hip and knee

femoris

34

the relatively FIXED point of attachment of the muscle

origin

35

the relatively MOVABLE point of attachment of the muscle

insertion

36

7 classification of muscles

action
shape
points of attachment
number of divisions
location
direction of fibers
size

37

the fibers of this muscle found in the ventral abdominal wall form a “V”

external oblique

38

the fibers of this muscle, located just beneath the external oblique, form an inverted “V” (a teepee).

internal oblique

39

innermost of the muscles of the ventral abdominal wall, its fibers go transversely (horizontally).

Transverse abdominus

40

head muscles

Broad flat tendon which joins the Frontalis

galea aponeurotica
Occipitofrontalis (epicranius)

41

study of muscles; all are used for movement of and within the body

mycology

42

three types of muscle

cardiac
visceral
skeletal

43

(muscle)heart only, moves involuntary, slightly striated

cardiac muscle

44

(muscle) – in organs of body, involuntary movement, smooth, single nucleus per muscle cell

visceral (smooth) muscle

45

(muscle) striated (connected with tendons or ligaments), multi nucleated, voluntary, used for flexing and extending

skeletal muscle

46

the bulky, fleshy part of the muscle which shortens and thickens during contraction

body or belly

47

muscles of mastication (4)
chewer muscle; close mouth and clench teeth

masseter

48

muscles of mastication (4)
– fan shaped muscle located on the squamous portion of the temporal bone; close mandible; as well as protrude the mandible. Clench teeth; retract lower jaw

temporalis

49

muscles of mastication (4)
opens and protrudes mandible; moves mandible side to side

lateral (external) pterygoid

50

name from most superficial to most deep, or outer to inner the direction of fibers

external oblique
internal oblique
transverse abdominus

51

(LG) breast muscles

pectoralis major

52

(SM) breast muscles

pectoralis minor

53

(LG) top or most superficial butt muscle

gluteus maximus

54

(SM) butt muscle just below madius

gluteus minimus

55

(LG) upper thigh, boundary of femoral triangle

adductor magnus

56

(SHORT) upper thigh

adductor brevis

57

another name for short

brevis

58

calf muscle, large in terms of size

gastrocnemius

59

cause goose bumps; small in terms of size; circular; at bottom of hair shaft

arrector pili muscles

60

muscles of the head

occipitafrontalis (epicranius)- galea aponeurotica

muscles of the mastication (chewing and swallowing)
masseter
temporalis
lateral (external) pterygoid
medial (internal) pterygoid

61

muscles of the neck and trunk

neck
platysma
omophoid
sternocleidomastoid

trunk
(back muscles)
trapezius
latissimus dorsi

chest
pectoralis major
external intercostals
internal intersostals

abdomen
(anterolateral wall)
external oblique
internal oblique
transverse abdominus
(anteromedial wall)
rectus abdominus
(posterior wall)
psoas major (iliopsoas)

diaphragm (phrenic muscle)
openings
espohageal orifice
aortic orifice
inferior vena caval orifice

62

muscles of upper extremities

shoulder muscles
deltoid
teres major

arm muscles (between shoulder and elbow)
biceps brachii
coracobrachialis
brachialis
triceps brachii

forearm muscles (between elbow and wrist)
ventral aspect (medial to lateral)
flexor carpi ulnaris
flexor digitorum superficialis
flexor carpi radialis

dorsal aspect
superficial: brachiradialis
deep: remember that as a group, they aid in extension and supination of the hand

63

muscles of mastication (4)
closes and protrudes mandible

medial (internal) pterygoid

64

muscles of the neck (3)
flat thin muscle (paper thin) of the neck, tense or wrinkle skin of neck and depresses lower jaw

platysma

65

muscles of the neck (3)
depress and lower the hyoid bone

omohyoid

66

muscles of the neck (3)
mark the widest part of the neck, used to rotate and extend the head; anatomical guide for embalming in carotid (neck) area
**** forms the lateral boundary of the anterior cervical triangle

sternocleidomastoid

67

diamond shaped muscle of upper back; used to elevate or shrug shoulders

trapezius

68

large flat muscle of lower back

latissimus dorsi

69

largest muscle of upper chest region; used to flex and adduct arm

pectoralis major

70

draws ribs together; outermost muscle between ribs

external intercostals

71

draws ribs together; innermost muscle between ribs

internal intercostals