2nd Quarter- SOCIOLOGY Exam 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 2nd Quarter- SOCIOLOGY Exam 1 Deck (66):
1

The science or study of social groups; the study of forms of social groups or modes of an organization, the processes which tend to maintain or change these forms of organizations and the relations between groups.

sociology

2

A systematic effort to develop general principles about a particular subject matter, based on actual observation and stated in a form that can be tested by any competent person.... This is done in sociology.

science

3

Science is usually divided into two main branches. What are they?

Natural science - anatomy, biology, chemistry, etc.
Social Sciences - pyschology, sociology, etc.

4

Psychology vs. Sociology
(explain the one difference we need to remember)

Psychology is focused more on individuals.
Sociology is focused more on groups.

5

The funeral director's responsibility

Funeral directors must understand the cultural requirements of their client families. Each family is unique with many of their needs and wants based on the culture of the family.

6

When does the learning process begin?

at birth

7

Consists of abstract patterns (rules, ideas, and beliefs) shared by members of society and for living and dying, which are learned directly or indirectly.

culture

8

learned by someone teaching (school is a form)

direct learning

9

items that are learned through observation

indirect learning

10

According to sociologist, ________ is one of the major carriers of culture.

language

11

a division, or smaller identifiable unit of a culture, connected to that culture by common traits, having unique traits to itself.

subculture

12

or shared ideas about desirable goals

values

13

After language, one distinguishing aspect of culture is?

values

14

The various social values that are learned by individuals is referred to as?

enculturation or socialization.

15

The method by which the social values are internalized (learned).

enculturation (Socialization)

16

subculture may be based upon:

Geographic location
Religious beliefs
Ethnic groups
Language

17

Culture and subculture determine:

customs
taboo
mores
laws

18

Must behavior; the basic important patterns of ideas and acts of a people but one which is enforced by those governing.

mores

19

These are procedures involving death that are required not necessarily by a culture, but by those who govern.

laws

20

an event which allows those who have something in common with each other to deal with one another in regard to that which they share

social function

21

Social behavior as dictated by the traditions of the people.
-- developed by enculturation.

customs

22

Must-behavior which dictates the individual must abstain from certain acts dealing with death

taboos

23

Rites with the human body not present.

memorial service

24

Rites with the body present

funeral

25

Any event performed in a solemn and prescribed manner.

rite

26

An all inclusive term used to encompass all funerals and/or memorial services

funeral rite

27

Ideas and beliefs or, and for, the living and dying, which are identical in all cultures.

cultural universal

28

Why is the funeral rite considered cultural universal?

because some type of a response to death can be found in all cultures

29

a funeral rite that is adjusted to the needs and wants of those directly involved. One which has been altered to suit the trends of the time.

adaptive funeral rite

30

cultural universal includes:

1. Announcement of the death.
2. Some type of care for the dead.
3. A method of disposition.
4. Memorialization.
5. Ceremony or ritual.

31

a funeral rite that follows a prescribed ritual or ceremony which may be dictated either by religious belief or social custom.

traditional funeral rite

32

a funeral rite that is in essence devoid of religious connotation

humanistic funeral rite

33

a funeral rite which may be construed as being identifiable with a pre-literate society (American Indians

primitive funeral rite

34

any disposition of a human remains which is completely devoid of any form of funeral rite at the time of disposition

immediate disposition

35

Behaviors which are constructed as somewhat less compulsive than mores of the same society, and do not call for a strong reaction from the society if violated.

Example is pulling to side of the road and taking off your hat when a procession passes.

folkways

36

instrumental action dealing with death is expressional, it is charged with symbolic content expressing among other things, attitudes of the participants, possible onlookers.

ceremony

37

specified method of procedure

rules

38

a culturally entrenched pattered of behavior made up of sacred beliefs, emotional feeling, accepting the beliefs / overt conduct presumably implementing the beliefs and feelings.

religion

39

of or relating to geography concerning the topography of a specific region.

geographic

40

having or showing belief in and reverence for God or a deity, especially as it is reflected in the practice of religion: implies adherence to religion in both belief / practice.

religious

41

basic division or groups of mankind, distinguished by customs, characteristics of race, derived from the Greek ethos meaning “people”.

ethnic

42

Begins at the arrangement conference and ends at the graveside

Sociology

42

Earliest Ethnic Group: tribes kinship – based ethnic group; and
Country non-kinship – based ethnic groups, evolution of the state.

--

44

Begins at the time of death and ends at one's acceptance of death

Psychology

45

Social behavior as dictated by the tradition of the people in that culture.

customs

46

Consists of abstract patterns (rules, ideas, and beliefs) shared by members of society
and for living and dying, which are learned directly or indirectly.

culture

47

a division, or smaller identifiable unit of a culture, connected to that culture by common traits, having unique traits to itself.

subcultures

48

things to which socially created meaning is given

symbols

49

Most members of a culture and subculture develop pride in their cultural and subculture beliefs and customs, but some begin to think that their culture is superior to all others. This is called

ethnocentrism

50

As a funeral director, you need to stay under the idea of ,________ that is, keep the emotional idea that all cultures are equal and pertinent!

cultural relativism

51

Examples of some cultural universals are

establishment of families (marriage), establishment of rules and regulations for orderly living (government), and YES, the responses to death of a member of their culture (funeral rites).

52

the father rules the family; power is passed to the oldest male child

Patriarchal

53

the mother rules the family

Matriarchal

54

the male and female have equal rights, duties, and governing power.

Equalitarian

55

a household or family unit includes father and mother, all their children (except married daughters), their son’s wives and children (except married daughters).

extended (joint) family

56

Characteristics of a joint family

 Agriculturally based.
 Economically self-sufficient unit (usually grow own food)
 Patriarchal form of government.
 Restricted mobility. (Usually due to duties of the farm)
 Religious, usually begin religion by teaching children bible stories
 Tend to be Conservative.

57

membership within the household includes one man, one woman and their children, if any.

Nuclear family

58

Characteristics of a nuclear family

May be patriarchal, matriarchal, or equalitarian.

 In past, the nuclear family was patriarchal with one income earner - father. Today, nuclear family is equalitarian and a two-income family.
 Economics is structured around the total income unit.
 Religion is usually institutional based.
 Highly mobile (will move if another area offers better opportunities)
 More liberal in thought, dress, and actions

59

cluster of two or more nuclear families united by social bonds of security, protection and help. A neighborhood, apartment complex.

Modified extended family

60

Characteristics of a modified extended family:

Begins with a nuclear family which then develops kinships and/or friendship with other nuclear families for security, protection, or help.

61

membership consists of one adult, either male or female and his/her children.

Single parent family

62

membership consists of one male and one female and the children from their previous marriages, and may include children from the present marriage.

Blended family

63

shared ideas about desirable goals

values

64

study of group behavior patterns

sociology

65

study of individual behavior patterns

psychology

66

Of the following, which one is a social behavior

customs, taboos, mores, laws, folkways

customs