2nd Quarter- SOCIOLOGY Exam 1 Flashcards Preview

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1

The science or study of social groups; the study of forms of social groups or modes of an organization, the processes which tend to maintain or change these forms of organizations and the relations between groups.

sociology

2

A systematic effort to develop general principles about a particular subject matter, based on actual observation and stated in a form that can be tested by any competent person.... This is done in sociology.

science

3

Science is usually divided into two main branches. What are they?

Natural science - anatomy, biology, chemistry, etc.
Social Sciences - pyschology, sociology, etc.

4

Psychology vs. Sociology
(explain the one difference we need to remember)

Psychology is focused more on individuals.
Sociology is focused more on groups.

5

The funeral director's responsibility

Funeral directors must understand the cultural requirements of their client families. Each family is unique with many of their needs and wants based on the culture of the family.

6

When does the learning process begin?

at birth

7

Consists of abstract patterns (rules, ideas, and beliefs) shared by members of society and for living and dying, which are learned directly or indirectly.

culture

8

learned by someone teaching (school is a form)

direct learning

9

items that are learned through observation

indirect learning

10

According to sociologist, ________ is one of the major carriers of culture.

language

11

a division, or smaller identifiable unit of a culture, connected to that culture by common traits, having unique traits to itself.

subculture

12

or shared ideas about desirable goals

values

13

After language, one distinguishing aspect of culture is?

values

14

The various social values that are learned by individuals is referred to as?

enculturation or socialization.

15

The method by which the social values are internalized (learned).

enculturation (Socialization)

16

subculture may be based upon:

Geographic location
Religious beliefs
Ethnic groups
Language

17

Culture and subculture determine:

customs
taboo
mores
laws

18

Must behavior; the basic important patterns of ideas and acts of a people but one which is enforced by those governing.

mores

19

These are procedures involving death that are required not necessarily by a culture, but by those who govern.

laws

20

an event which allows those who have something in common with each other to deal with one another in regard to that which they share

social function

21

Social behavior as dictated by the traditions of the people.
-- developed by enculturation.

customs

22

Must-behavior which dictates the individual must abstain from certain acts dealing with death

taboos

23

Rites with the human body not present.

memorial service

24

Rites with the body present

funeral

25

Any event performed in a solemn and prescribed manner.

rite

26

An all inclusive term used to encompass all funerals and/or memorial services

funeral rite

27

Ideas and beliefs or, and for, the living and dying, which are identical in all cultures.

cultural universal

28

Why is the funeral rite considered cultural universal?

because some type of a response to death can be found in all cultures

29

a funeral rite that is adjusted to the needs and wants of those directly involved. One which has been altered to suit the trends of the time.

adaptive funeral rite

30

cultural universal includes:

1. Announcement of the death.
2. Some type of care for the dead.
3. A method of disposition.
4. Memorialization.
5. Ceremony or ritual.