Flashcards in 2nd Quarter- SOCIOLOGY Exam 2 Deck (52)
knowing a family’s __________ and ___________ is helpful in guiding funeral directors toward the relationship they might have with a family.
structure and government
responsibilities of the family unit
Obligation to care for other members;
Obligation to teach and maintain discipline;
Obligation to give direction;
Obligation to motivate.
an organized, flexible, purposeful, group centered, time-limited response to the death of an individual conducted with reverence, dignity and respect
Some purposes of funeral rites include the following:
The opportunity to receive and express love.
To show respect for the family, friends and the deceased.
A chance to express grief.
To gain emotional support through sharing.
To get a face to face confrontation with death which confirms reality that death has occurred.
Gives one the opportunity for farewell through ritual.
Shows a dramatic presentation of the facts that a life has been lived by reflecting upon memories of the deceased.
Helps establish an emotional stability through a social support network.
Establishes a socially accepted climate for mourning.
Meets the needs theologically, psychologically and socially of those who mourn.
a funeral rite that follows a prescribed ritual or ceremony which may be dictated either by religious belief or social customs
traditional funeral rite
a funeral rite that is adjusted to the needs and wants of those directly involved; one which has been altered to suit the trends of the time
adaptive funeral rite
a funeral rite that deviates from the normal or prescribed circumstances of established customs
non-traditional funeral rite
a funeral rite that is in essence devoid of religious connotation
humanistic funeral rite
any disposition of a human remains which is completely devoid of any form of funeral rite at the time of disposition
a funeral rite which may be construed as being identifiable with a pre-literate (before the written word) society (American Indians).
Some ancient ceremonies like those of the American Indian tribes. Many of these are personal and secret to be viewed only by the tribal members
primitive funeral rite
the individual crafting of products is replaced by manufacturing of goods utilizing mass production techniques
factors influencing industrialization
Families were forced to look for work outside family unit
Family dependent on outside resources to meet needs
Loss of craftsmanship and alienation of worker from basic skills
Factories produce same goods faster, cheaper and more volume
the change from rural (country) to urban (city) in character
the creation of a system which governs through departments and subdivisions, managed by sets of officials following and inflexible routine
current changes affecting funeral service
Extended Life expectancy (LONGEVITY)
Death in institutions
Social factors affecting the funeral rite. Three areas that may affect funeral selections
o Freedom of choice - mobility
o Class or Social Level – more elaborate
o Economic Position - ……………
The categorization of individuals by money, prestige and power. It includes a ranking of social status (social class/ position) in groups such as upper, middle, and lower class
key points about social stratification
Funeral rite may represent a status symbol.
The lower social stratification of Americans tend to experience the highest frequency of death.
Statistically poor people spend the most on funerals
an individual’s economic assets (income).
a person’s reputation or influence arising from success, achievement or other favorable attributes
the ability of an individual or group to implement wishes or policies with or without the cooperation of others
a social grouping in which members possess roughly equivalent, culturally valued attributes.
the movement (up or down) of an individual from one social class to another.
Sociologists believe that the following factors affects social mobility:
An effective education
The area in which a family lives will affect the type of funeral rite selected.
For example, communities based in areas where logging is extremely common one might find that a wooden casket will be more desired
the tendency of off-spring to move away from the area in which they were born. This will have an effect on the funeral rite. When parents pass on, the children might bring trends of the area in which they currently live in
There is a tendency that the higher the educational level an individual has, the less likely to have a traditional funeral.
They are more likely to choose cremation instead of earth burial
According to sociologist religion serves several functions.
1. Providing social cohesion.
2. Supporting and maintaining social control.
3. Promoting social change.
This has changed the funeral rite by placing more regulations on the funeral process.
For example, laws requiring transportation permits, death certificates, etc.