2nd Quarter- EMBALMING Exam 1 Flashcards Preview

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Why do we embalm?

“We embalm to disinfect the body and protect the living.”


What is embalming?

o EM - in, or about
o Balm - resinous substance or balsamic agents.


embalming is a process of chemically treating the dead human body to reduce the presence and growth of microorganisms, to retard (slow down) organic decomposition, and to restore an acceptable physical appearance.

non-legal definition of embalming


The process of disinfecting, temporary preserving and restoring the dead human body by the injection into the arteries, a suitable amount of a proper chemical.
is based upon fluid distribution - movement of arterial fluid from point of injection to the capillaries.

vascular embalming


We inject into the arteries because

the fluid goes away from the heart

The chemical is arterial fluid 16.oz - one gallon/50 lbs. of body weight.


movement of arterial fluid from point of injection to the capillaries.

fluid distribution


movement of arterial fluid through the capillaries to the tissues from intravascular to extravascular (inside to outside)

fluid diffusion


retain the fluid within the body.



a. Direct treatment -other than vascular embalming of the content of the body cavities and the lumen of the hollow viscera.

cavity embalming


cavity embalming Accomplished by two major steps:

Aspiration of the contents of the cavities and viscera.

The injection of a suitable amount of a proper chemical


maximum amount of disinfecting and preservation with the minimum amount of fluid.

undiluted cavity fluid


A rule of thumb on a normal case, for undiluted cavity fluid is

16 ounces in the thoracic cavity and 16 ounces in the abdominal cavity.


: injection of embalming chemicals directly into tissues through the use of needle, syringe, Trocar.

The disinfecting and temporary preservation of a local area by the subcuticular injection of a suitable chemical.

hyperdermic embalming


types of disinfecting

1. Primary disinfecting
2. Concurrent disinfecting
3. Terminal disinfecting


• The disinfecting and temporary preservation of a local area by the external application of a compress of a suitable material. This is a supplement to vascular and arterial embalming

Surface (pack or absorption) Embalming:


reasons for embalming

1. * The primary reason (need) we embalm - To disinfect. The destruction or inhibiting of pathogenic bacteria and their products in or on the body.

2. * Temporary preservation - Treating the dead human body chemically so as to inhibit (slow down) decomposition.

3. * Restoration - The care of the deceased to recreate natural form and color.


disinfecting carried out prior to the embalming process. Washing the body.

primary disinfecting


disinfecting carried out during the embalming process.

concurrent disinfecting


disinfecting and decontamination measures after the preparation of the remains. Also include cleaning the prep room and instruments, etc. Also, the re washing of the body.

terminal disinfecting


credited with being the father of embalming

Dr. Frederick Ruysch


Father of modern US embalming / invented hand pump / disaster pouch

Dr. Thomas Holmes


wrote the “History of Embalming” in French.

Jean Gannal


translated Gannal’s book to English.
---1st to realize value of embalming from disease standpoint
--- performed research of bubonic plaque while at Penn State

Dr. Richard Harlan


was the first to produce formaldehyde (HCHO) Chemical formula - HCHO. Primary formula for embalming, free state gas.

• August Wilhelm vonHofman



• Always show respect to the deceased.
• Always maintain the highest standards.



o Limit admission to the preparation room during preparation.
o Licensed funeral service professional and registered trainees.
o Those authorized by law / authorized by family

Authorized persons can be in the prep room when no embalming.
o Maintenance employees.
o Hairdresser, cosmetologist, etc.
o Staff members for dressing and casketing remains.


Identify and secure the prep room

• Place a sign on the preparation room door indicating private; authorized persons only.
• State of Texas indicates that it must be private and have no general passageway through it.
• Keep the door locked.


instruct and maintain the highest standards

• Keep the body covered as practical - genital area always.
• Guard against loose talk and remarks.
• Repeat nothing outside the preparation room.
• Disclose no confidential facts as to conditions, deformities or diseases causing death.


authorization to embalm

Not a state law to embalm.
1. Verbal permission. (Do we have your permission to embalm?)
2. Written permission.


Identification procedures

• Personal effects - inventory a must. (House Call)
• Proper remains - the body itself - identify by the family - especially a body to be cremated.
• Make sure you remove jewelry that the family has requested after the funeral service.

• There may be cases that you need to inform authorities, police, ME, Coroner’s office (JP is used in Texas), if something is found. It is your duty to follow OSHA requirements and inform all employees to follow required procedures and train employees. Help protect your employees.


embalming report

complete an embalming report for every case, on which you perform any embalming procedure. This is your documentation as to the embalming procedure you have performed. (see pages 13-17 for example forms).


Vascular embalming is based upon

Fluid distribution
Fluid diffusion