2nd QUARTER- EMBALMING Exam 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 2nd QUARTER- EMBALMING Exam 2 Deck (53):
1

Irreversible cessation (a stop, pause, or interruption, especially a permanent discontinuation) of all vital functions.

Such as: respiration - breathing
heart action - circulation
brain action - waves

non legal definition of death

2

the noise made by a moribund (dying) person caused by air passing through a residue of mucous in the trachea and posterior oral cavity

death rattle

3

time immediately preceding death

agonal period

4

the semi-convulsive twitches which often occur before death.

death struggle

5

conditions in which the manifestations of life are feebly maintained. (think the person is dead, coma state)

Respiration, heart action, brain action are shallow and sometime hard to detect.

apparent death

6

body of a deceased person including cremated remains

human remains

7

those elements remaining after cremation of a dead human body.

cremated remains

8

dead human body used for medical purposes, including anatomical dissection and study.

cadaver

9

the study of death

thanatology

10

death of an organism (body) as a whole. Pronouncement of death. Historically it is recognized by the failure of one of three organs. (heart, brain, lungs)

somatic death

11

death of the heart

syncope

12

death of the brain

coma

13

death of the lungs

asphyxia

14

Death of the individual cells of the body

post mortem cellular death

15

Final cause of post mortem cellular death is

oxygen starvation

16

Post mortem cellular death will occur _____ somatic death

after

17

Somatic death will occur ______ or _______to post morten cellular death.

before or prior

18

Factors influencing onset of postmortem cellular death

Cause of death
Environmental conditions – temperature can be a factor, coolers help slow down decomposition
Condition of Body
Medication preceding death – meds can alter body chemistry

19

death occurring in a living body

anti-mortem

20

Can cellular death occur anti-mortem?

Yes

21

these cells will die quicker after somatic death.

specialized cells

22

Brain cells live about

5 to 8 minutes

23

muscle cells live about

3 hours

24

cornea and blood cells live about

6 to 8 hours

25

The major element remaining after cremation is?

calcium (bone).

26

Those manifestations of death by which we may recognize its presence in the body.

signs of death

27

the separation of compounds into simpler substances by the action of microbial and/or autolytic enzymes.

decompostion

28

self destruction of body compounds.

autolytic enzymes

29

most reliable sign of death

decomposition

30

the stopping of blood flowing through the body.

cessation of circulation

31

the stopping of breathing

cessation of respiration

32

Post mortem cooling of the body to the surrounding temperature.

algor mortis

33

Also referred to as CADAVERIC lividity. The post mortem, intravascular, red-blue discoloration resulting from the hypostasis of blood.

liver mortis

34

inside the vessels

intravascular

35

the gravitation of the blood into the lower part of the body.

hypostasis

36

Can livor mortis be removed with normal arterial injection and venous drainage?
Yes or No? Why?

Yes, because it is intravascular

37

the post mortem temporary stiffening of the body muscles due to natural chemicals the body process.

rigor mortis

38

At death the muscles do not function. O sign and Q sign – reflecting muscle relaxation.

complete muscular relaxation

39

name the changes of the eye in regards to the signs of death

 Clouding of the cornea and loss of luster.
 Flattening of the eyeball.
 Pupil does not respond to light.

40

Any procedure used to prove a sign of death.

test for death

41

how many expert tests are there for death

4

42

What are the four expert tests used for death?

a) Stethoscope -

b) Ophthalmoscope -

c) Electronic life detection devices
EKG – Electrocardiogram –
EEG – Encephalogram –
ABR – auditory brainstem response –

d) Injection of various dyes into the body to check for circulation -

43

a delicate instrument used to detect almost inaudible sounds produced in the body.

stethoscope

44

an optical instrument with an accompanying light that makes it possible to examine the retina and explore blood circulation in the eyes.

ophthalmoscope

45

check for heart activity

EKG- electrocardiogram

46

check for brain wave activity.

EEG- encephalagram

47

checks for brain response responsible for vital acts of breathing and pulse.

ABR- audiroty brainstem response

48

an expert test for test injects dye in the the body...
2 cc of _______ is injected in the ________ _____

If there is circulation what happens?

fluorescein
upper arm
the whites of the eyes turn green

49

how many inexpert tests for death are there?

3

50

Name the three inexpert test for death

ligature test
ammonia injection test
feel for the pulse

51

ligate a finger; if it becomes discolored and swells, life is present.

ligature test

52

hypodermically inject ammonia, if alive, the skin will show a reddish reaction

ammonia injection test

53

when you use 2 fingers press into neck area at jugular vein / artery area.

feeling for pulse