8. Female Reproductive System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 8. Female Reproductive System Deck (203)
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61

vulvovaginitis

inflammation of the vulva and vagina

62

mastitis

inflammation of the mammary gland

63

thelitis

thee LYE tis

inflammation of the nipples

AKA acromastitis, meaning inflammation of the extremities of the breast

64

cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN)

abnormal cervical cell formation that may or may not devleop into cancer

`reported in grades I, II, and III

AKA cervical dysplasia

65

endometrial hyperplasia

the excessive development of cells in the uterine lining

of itself, benign but can become malignant

66

fibroadenoma of the breast

noncancerous breast tumors composed of fibrous and glandular tissue

67

fibrocystic changes of the breast

formerly called fibrocystic disease, this benign condition affects the glandular and stromal tissue

changes may take a variety of forms with typical symptoms of cysts, lumpiness, and/or pain

68

leiomyoma

lye oh my oma

benign smooth muscle tumor of the uterus

usually nonpainful growths

may be removed surgically

AKA fibroids

69

ovarian cyst

a benign, fluid-filled sac

either a follicular cyst, which occurs when a follicle does not rupture at ovulation, or a cyst of the corpus luteum, caused when it does not continue its transformation

70

endometrial adenocarcinoma

add den oh kar sin OH mah

malignant cancer that develops from the cells that line the uterus

most common uterine cancer

71

epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC)

an inherited mutation of the BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene is linked to the risk of this malignancy and breast cancer

72

infiltrating ductal carcinoma (IDC)

most common type of breast cancer that arises from the cells lining the milk ducts

73

leiomyosarcoma

lye oh mye oh sar KOH mah

rare type of cancer of the smooth muscle of the uterus

74

lobular carcinoma

LAHB yoo lur

make up ~15% of breast cancers

tumors begin in the glandular tissue of the breast at the ends of the milk ducts

75

Paget disease of the breast

PAJ et

rare malignancy of the nipple that can occur in both women and men

 

76

squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix

most common type of cervical cancer

thought to be caused by HPV

one of the most curable cancers with early detection

77

cervicography

photographic procedure in which a specially designed 35-mm camera is used to image the entire cervix to produce a slide called a 
cervigram

used to detect early cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) or invasive cervical cancer

can be combined with colposcopy or done independently

78

hysterosalpingography (HSG)

his tur oh sal pin GAH gruh fee

radiographic procedure using contrast medium to image the uterus and fallopian tubes

79

mammography

imaging technique for early detection of breast cancer

results in an image called mammogram

80

pelvimetry

measurement of the birth canal

types include clinical and x-ray, although x-ray pelvimetry is not commonly done

81

colposcopy

kohl PAH skuh pee

endoscopic procedure used for a cervical/vaginal biopsy

82

culdoscopy

kull DAH skuh pee

endoscopic procedure used for biopsy of Douglas' cul-de-sac

83

hysteroscopy

hiss tuh RAH skuk pee

endoscopic procedure used for a myomectomy (fibroid removal) or polypectomy (polyp removal)

84

laparoscopy

lap uh RAH skuh pee

endoscopic procedure for removing lesions (lysis), performing a hysterectomy, or ovarian biopsy

85

culdocentesis

removal of fluid and cells from the rectouterine pouch to detect dysplasia

86

hormone levels

laboratory measurements of the presence and extent of specific hormones in specimens of blood, urine, or body tissues

useful in evaluating a range of conditions from pregnancy to menopause

87

pap smear

exfoliative cytology procedure useful for the detection of vaginal and cervical cancer

88

alpha-fetoprotein test (AFP)

test for prenatal diagnosis

maternal serum (blood) alpha fetoprotein test performed between 14 and 19 weeks of gestation

may indicate a variety of conditions, such as neural tube defects (spina bifida is the most common finding) and multiple gestations

89

amniocentesis

removal and analysis of a sample of the amniotic fluid with the use of a guided needle through the mother's abdomen into the amniotic sac to diagnose a number of fetal abnormalities

90

chorionic villus samping (CVS)

removal of a small piece of the outer covering of the fetus, the chorion, either transvaginally or through a small incision in the abdomen, to test for chromosomal abnormalities