8. Female Reproductive System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 8. Female Reproductive System Deck (203)
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121

miscarriage/abortion

termination of a pregnancy before the fetus is viable

if spontaneous, it may be termed a miscarriage or a spontaneous abortion

if induced, it can be referred to as a therapeutic abortion

122

oligohydramnios

oh lih goh hye DRAM nee ohs

condition of low or missing amniotic fluid

123

placenta previa

placenta that is malpositioned in the uterus, so that it covers the opening of the cervix

even slight separation of the placenta from the uterine wall can result in bleeding

Fig A

124

polyhydramnios

condition of excessive amniotic fluid

125

preeclampsia

abnormal condition of pregnancy with unknown cause, marked by hypertension, edema, and proteinuria

AKA toxemia of pregnancy

126

meconium staining

meh KOH nee um

refers to fetal defecation while in utero

indicates fetal distress

127

nuchal cord

NOO kul

abnormal but common occurrence of the umbilical cord wrapped around the neck of the neonate

128

cephalic version

process of turning the fetus so that the head is at the cervical outlet for a vaginal delivery

129

cerclage

sur KLAHZH

suturing the cervix closed to prevent a spontaneous abortion in a woman with an incompetent cervix

suture is removed when the pregnancy is at full-term to allow the delivery to proceed normally

130

Cesarean section (C-section, CS)

delivery of an infant through a surgical abdominal incision

necessary with severe hemorrhaging as a result of placenta previa

131

episiotomy

incision to widen the vaginal orifice to prevent tearing the tissue of the vulva during delivery

132

oxytocia

ock see TOH sha

rapid birth

133

dystocia

dis TOH sha

difficult birth

134

vaginal birth after C-section (VBAC)

delivery of subsequent babies vaginally after a C-section

in the past, women were told "once a C-section, always a C-section." Currently, this is being changed by recent developments in technique

135

vaginal delivery

(usually) cephalic presentation (head first) through the vagina

136

breech delivery

feet or buttock presentation through the vagina

137

Apgar score

rates the physical health of the infant with a set of criteria 1 minute and 5 minutes after birth

138

congenital hypothyroidism

condition of deficient thyroid hormones

undiscovered and untreated, it can lead to retarded growth and brain development

if caught at birth, oral doses of the missing thyroid hormone will allow normal development

139

phenylketonuria (PKU)

fennel kee tun YOOR ee ah

test for deficiency of enzyme phenylalanine hydroxylase, which is responsible for converting phenylalanine, found in certain foods, into tyrosine 

failure to treat this condition will lead to brain damage and mental retardation

140

Cx

cervix

141

EDD

estimated delivery date

142

ERT

estrogen replacement therapy

143

FHR

fetal heart rate

144

hCG

human chorionic gonadotropin

145

hMG

human menopausal gonadotropin

146

HRT

hormone replacement therapy

147

LMP

last menstrual period

148

Rh

Rhesus factor

149

TAH-BSO

total abdominal hysterectomy with a bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy

150

menarche

men ar kee

the first menstruation and establishment of cyclical menstrual function