8. Female Reproductive System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 8. Female Reproductive System Deck (203)
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181

placenta

highly vascular structure that provides communication b/w mother and embryo for the exchange of nutrients and wastes

anchors embryo to uterine wall and begins producing progesterone after ~10 weeks of gestation

182

fetus

embryo after 8th week of pregnancy

183

umbilical cord

connects embryo to placenta, which is anchored to uterine wall

184

parturition

PAR tyur ih shun

childbirth

185

afterbirth

the expulsion of placenta from the uterus after parturition

186

pelvic inflammatory disease

an inflammatory condition affecting the female pelvic organs, particularly one caused by bacterial infection

characterized by fever, pain in the lower abdomen, foul-smelling vaginal discharge, abnormal uterine bleeding, and pain in the uterus, uterine tube, or affected ovary during pelvic examination

AKA salpingitis

187

teratoma

tumors composed of different kinds of tissue, none of which normally occur together

most common in the ovaries or testes

188

dermoid cyst

tumor consisting of a fibrous wall lined with epithelium and a cavity containing material derived from embryonal tissues

189

lei/o

smooth

190

-drome

run

191

phor/o

carry, bear

192

-ptosis

drooping, sagging

193

lobul/o

small lobe

194

-plasia

formation, development

195

-sarcoma

cancerous tumor of connective tissue

196

-carcinoma

cancerous tumor of epithelial tissue

197

sonohysterography

ultrasonography of the uterus

198

transvaginal ultrasound

uses a proble introduced into the vagina and a high-frequency sound to obtain a transvaginal view of the uterus

199

salpingo-oophorectomy

sal ping oh - oh ah for eck tuh mee

removal of a fallopian tube and an ovary

200

triple-screen

 blood test for hCG, AFP, and uE3 (unconjugated estradiol)

201

incompetent cervix

condition that can lead to a spontaneous abortion or miscarriage

usually occurs b/w 3rd to 13th week of pregnancy and thus results in miscarriage by the 20th week

a cerclage can be performed to prevent this

202

nuch/o

neck

203

eutocia

normal delivery