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Medical Conditions II > Amputation > Flashcards

Flashcards in Amputation Deck (8)
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1

Common Causes of Amputation

-DM
-Peripheral Vascular Disease
-Trauma
-Malignancy/primary site of tumor
-Congenital anomaly

2

MESS

-mangled extremity severity scale
-Examines 4 areas: skeletal/soft tissue, limb ischemia, presence of cardiovascular shock, age of pt

3

"Choice" Trans-femoral

-4-6 inches of residual limb
-ideal for vascularization and prosthetic fit

4

Selection of Surgical Site

-limb salvaging procedures
-blood supply
-sensation
-function of part

5

Closure Types

-ant-post flaps of equal length
-posterior long flap (Burgess technique)

6

Post-Op Complications

-skin break down
-edema
-scar formation
-pain
-bleeding
-CONTRACTURES
-phantom pain (neurogenic pain)

7

Patient Education

-skin inspection
-care of limb/prosthesis
-limb wrapping/shrinker
-socks on limb
-positioning/contracture prevention
-phantom pain

8

Other Treatment Modalities

-Manual therapy
-electrotherapy: NMES, TENS, compression for edema