Anatomy of JOints I : UE x Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Anatomy of JOints I : UE x Deck (22):
1

Axial Skeleton
**

Brain and Spinal Cord
Ribs, Sternum

2

Appendicular Skeleton
**

Extremities
Scapulae
Clavicle
Hemipelvis (fused illium, ischium, pubic bones)

3

Categories of Joints
**

Synovial
Solid

4

Joints in Shoulder - name, result
**

Sternoclavicular Joint
Acromioclavicular joint
Glenohumeral joint
Increased mobility at the expense of stabilty

5

glenohuremal joint - components, movements, associate ligaments
**

Humeral head and glenoid fossa
ball and socket
3 GH ligaments, coracohumeral ligament, transverse humeral ligament

6

elbow joint - components, movements, associate ligaments

3 Articulations - ulna/humerus*, radius/humerus*, radial/ulna
Hinge*
Ulnar and radial collateral ligaments, Annular ligament

7

Proximal and distal radio-ulnar joints - components, movements, associate ligaments
**

radial/ulna
Proximal and distal
protantion/supination

8

Wrist - components, movements, associate ligaments
**

Radio-Carpal joint
NO ULNA
8 carpal bones

9

Thumb - motions
**

Adbuction, Adduction, Flexion, Extension, Opposition

10

Arthritis

Inflammation in a joint

11

OsteoArthritis

loss of bone density. noninflamatory

12

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Autoimmune
joint damage and possibly organ damage

13

Sprain

Ligament stretched or torn

14

Strain

Muscle or tendon stretched or torn

15

Dislocation

elements of joint forcefully seprated

16

Shoulder Sepreration

acromioclavicular joint disturbed and ends of bones seprate

17

Gout

buildup of uric acid
type of arthritis

18

Synovial Joint - def

bones separated by narrow cavity covered by hyaline cartilage

19

Solid Joint

no joint cavity, linked by fibrous CT or fibrocartilage

20

Sternoclavicular joint

only site of attachment of upper limbs to axial skeleton (to clavicle)
has super strong ligaments

21

Glenohumeral joint - ligaments

coracohumeral ligament
transverse humeral ligament

22

Carpal Bones

Scaphoid (thumb)
Lunate
Triquitrieum
Pisiform (pinky)
Trapezium (thumb)
Trapezoid
Capitate
Hamate (pinky)