Flashcards in Antimicrobial Chemotherapy Deck (9)
What is a bactericidal?
an antimicrobial that kills bacteria i.e the penicillins
What is a bacteriostatic?
an antimicrobial that inhibits growth of bacteria e.g. erythromycin
an organism is considered sensitive if it is inhibited or killed by levels of the antimicrobial that are available at the site of infection.
an organism is considered resistant if it is not killed or inhibited by levels of the antimicrobial that are available at the site of infection.
Minimal inhibitory concentration is defined as the minimum concentration of antimicrobial needed to inhibit visible growth of a given organism.
Minimal bactericidal concentration is defined as the minimum concentration of the antimicrobial needed to kill a given organism.
applied to surface, usually skin or to mucous membranes e.g. conjunctiva
taken internally, either orally of parenterally