Antimicrobial Chemotherapy Flashcards Preview

Principles of Disease > Antimicrobial Chemotherapy > Flashcards

Flashcards in Antimicrobial Chemotherapy Deck (9)
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1

What is a bactericidal?

an antimicrobial that kills bacteria i.e the penicillins

2

What is a bacteriostatic?

an antimicrobial that inhibits growth of bacteria e.g. erythromycin

3

Define sensitive.

an organism is considered sensitive if it is inhibited or killed by levels of the antimicrobial that are available at the site of infection.

4

Define resistant.

an organism is considered resistant if it is not killed or inhibited by levels of the antimicrobial that are available at the site of infection.

5

Define MIC.

Minimal inhibitory concentration is defined as the minimum concentration of antimicrobial needed to inhibit visible growth of a given organism.

6

Define MBC

Minimal bactericidal concentration is defined as the minimum concentration of the antimicrobial needed to kill a given organism.

7

Define topical

applied to surface, usually skin or to mucous membranes e.g. conjunctiva

8

Define systemic

taken internally, either orally of parenterally

9

Define parenteral

administered either intra-venously or intra-muscularly, occasionally subcutaneously