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Flashcards in Prescribing Errors Deck (11):
1

What is a medication error?

any preventable event that may cause or lead to inappropriate medication use or patient harm

2

What is a prescribing error?

a clinically meaningful prescribing error occurs when as a result of a prescribing decision or prescription writing process, there is an unintentional significant:
-reduction in the probability of treatment being timely and effective
-increase in the risk of harm when compared with generally accepted practice

3

What are the 2 kinds of prescribing error?

-prescribing faults (failures in the process of deciding which drug to use and how)
-prescription errors (failures in the prescription writing process that result in wrong instructions about one or more of the normal features of a prescription)

4

Mistake

an error that arises from poor planning or inadequate knowledge

5

Slip

an error that arises from imperfect execution of well-formulated plans

6

Lapses

when a correct act is omitted

7

What tasks are intrinsically prone to error?

-unfamiliar to the operator or performed under pressure
-require the calculation of a dosage or dilution

8

When does the error rate increase?

When healthcare professionals are:
-inexperienced
-inattentive/rushed
-distracted
-fatigued or depressed

9

Why do medication errors happen?

-increase in numbers and variety of drugs
-co-morbidities
-complexity of care process
-high risk medications
-number of prescribers
-OTC usage

10

What errors can occur in prescription writing?

-wrong drug
-illegibility
-abbreviations


11

What are the 5Rs of prescribing?

-right patient
-right drug
-right route
-right time
-right dose