Flashcards in Prescribing Errors Deck (11):
What is a medication error?
any preventable event that may cause or lead to inappropriate medication use or patient harm
What is a prescribing error?
a clinically meaningful prescribing error occurs when as a result of a prescribing decision or prescription writing process, there is an unintentional significant:
-reduction in the probability of treatment being timely and effective
-increase in the risk of harm when compared with generally accepted practice
What are the 2 kinds of prescribing error?
-prescribing faults (failures in the process of deciding which drug to use and how)
-prescription errors (failures in the prescription writing process that result in wrong instructions about one or more of the normal features of a prescription)
an error that arises from poor planning or inadequate knowledge
an error that arises from imperfect execution of well-formulated plans
when a correct act is omitted
What tasks are intrinsically prone to error?
-unfamiliar to the operator or performed under pressure
-require the calculation of a dosage or dilution
When does the error rate increase?
When healthcare professionals are:
-fatigued or depressed
Why do medication errors happen?
-increase in numbers and variety of drugs
-complexity of care process
-high risk medications
-number of prescribers
What errors can occur in prescription writing?